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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The diversity of ecosystems in La Primavera Biosphere Reserve are influenced by the geographical location of its forest area which covers the two floristic provinces: the one of the Sierra Madre Occidental and the one of the Sierras Meridionales or Volcanic Axis (the so called belt fire).These provinces are located in the Mesoamerican Mountain Region, formed by the confluence of two major realms: the Nearctic and the Neotropical. The area contains critical habitats for representative species of flora and fauna in the region, and serves as a genetic reservoir and biological corridor between the natural systems of the region (the canyon of the Santiago River, Cerro Los Bailadores, El Tepopote, Cerro de Tequila, Sierra de Navajas and Cerro Viejo). It is crucial for maintaining biodiversity and genetic heritage, and promoting the continuity of the evolutionary processes and it constitutes a living laboratory for scientific research and environmental education.

This biosphere reserve comprises different types of land ownership, therefore it is necessary to create platforms for dialogue between different stakeholders and land owners so as to ensure development of activities and sustainable production models, with legal regulations that promote the implementation of projects that have low environmental impacts while generating incomes to their owners.

The site provides logistical support for demonstration projects, and environmental education and training. There are 12 trails, 8 educational camps, and a 1560 ha area for public use and recreational activities.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate pine-oak forests
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   103?28' to 103?42' Longitud W, and 20?32' to 20?44' Latitud N
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   30,500
  Core area(s)   18,816.62
  Buffer zone(s)   11,818.93
  Transition area(s) when given   24,755.14
  Altitude (metres above sea level)  
  Year designated   2006
  Administrative authorities   Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, Comité Técnico para la Administración del Bosque La Primavera, Comisión Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas.
  Brief description   The site runs programs for systematic monitoring and surveillance in the areas of greatest priority and fragility, with the deployment of rangers reporting on specific events.
Other projects and programmes implemented in collaboration with universities include:
• Early warning system and prediction of forest fires.
• La Primavera Forest Integrated Research, Monitoring and Development Project (Institute of Meteorology and Astronomy at the University of Guadalajara).
• Specific Research Demands Plan
• Ecological Land Management Plan of Zapopan
• Updating and Monitoring of Natural Resources
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, erosion, geology, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, biodiversity, biology, birds, conservation, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, flora, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, mountain and highland systems, natural resources, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agroforestry, capacity building, energy production systems/alternative energy, forestry, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, natural hazards, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, recreation, resource use, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, geographic information system/gis, institutional and legal aspects, management issues, planning and zoning measures/zonation, rural systems, urban systems/towns/cities.
  Contact address   José Luis Gamez Valdivia
Av. Vallarta 6503, local E-38; Zapopan Jalisco
  Web site

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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