|Biosphere Reserve Information|
MADERAS DEL CARMEN
The Protected Area includes a portion of the Sierra Madre Oriental in its north extreme, whose height, configuration and geographical interconnections allow the presence of a great variety of plants and animals, representative of the Chihuahuense Desert and Sierra Madre Oriental itself, especially communities typical of mesophyllic forests in the area, survivors of the geological times in which this part of the country was cooler and more humid, approximately 10,000 years ago. In the core zone there is no population; In the buffer zone, the estimated population is 60 people. For the transition zone, the population on a permanent basis is 600 and, depending on the season, 300.
The zonation proposal consists of two core zones. One of them (Cañón del Diablo), located in the Northern extreme of Maderas del Carmen Flora and Fauna Protection Area, inside a private property and an ejido. The second core zone (Maderas del Carmen), is located in the central part of Maderas del Carmen Flora and Fauna Protection Area, inside 3 private properties and an ejido.
The buffer zone is located around the core zones, but inside the boundaries of Maderas del Carmen Flora and Fauna Protection Area , inside this area there are 6 private properties and 7 ejidos. Lastly, the transition zone is located surrounding the buffer zone and also the boundaries of the ANP. It is set in lots of 10 ejidos and 4 private properties.
|Major ecosystem type||The protected area includes a portion of the Sierra Madre Oriental in its North extreme, whose height, configuration and geographical interconnections allow the presence of a great variety of plants and animals, representative of the Chihuahuense Desert and Sierra Madre Oriental itself, especially communities typical of mesophyllic forests, unique in the area, survivors of the geological times in which this part of the country was cooler and more humid, approximately 10,000 years ago.|
|Major habitats & land cover types||In the area are predominant the desert shrubland, chaparral and grassland, and in a lower proportion, the forest of pseudotsuga.|
|Location||29º03´36´´ latitude N 102º36´36´´ longitude W|
|Transition area(s) when given||114,209.41|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||500 – 2720 m|
|Administrative authorities||Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas|
For the year 2006, 60 supervision, inspection and surveillance field trips have been scheduled along 10 previously set routes aimed at the detection of illegal activities on extraction of stony material, extraction of cactaceous or forestal timber products, hunting, prevention of intentional fires.
Regarding research and monitoring, there are projects planned on observation and record of key species, such as the Royal Eagle, the Peregrine Falcon, the resident and migratory grassland birds, Jaguarundi, monitoring of grassland plots and soil retention in conservation works.
About the social aspect, a socioeconomic study of the area will be programmed, in order to compare the records from 10 years ago, in the last study.
|Abiotic||Drought, erosion, habitat, hydrology, indicators, monitoring/methodologies, soil.|
|Biodiversity||Arid/Semi-arid, biodiversity, birds, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecosystem assessment, ecotone, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, flora, forest systems, indicators, mammals, migrating populations/migration, natural resources, rare/endangered/threatened species, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Capacity building, human health, indicators, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, monitoring methodologies, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender.|
|Integrated monitoring||Carrying capacity/Sustainability, ecosystem approach, geographic information system/gis, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, monitoring/methodologies.|
Carlos Alberto Sifuentes Lugo
Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas - CONANP-REGION NORESTE
J. Antonio de la Fuente n° 1141, Entre Abasolo y la Llave
25000 Saltillo, Coahuila
|Last updated: 08/03/2011|