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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Montebello is located between the physiographic region of the High Plain of Chiapas and the Gulf Coastal Plain, which is part of the physiographic province of Sierras de Chiapas and Guatemala. This region corresponds to the floristic regions of Miranda, called central massif and plains and slopes of the north of the central massif. Its physiography includes from small drains to great trenches. There are also big caves and cavities of varied shapes and dimensions. The average height of the area is 1,500 masl (meters above sea level) (INEGI, 1982).

In Lagunas de Montebello are 10 % of the orchids registered for the State of Chiapas. It’s also the home of more than 42 species of lepidoptera, 70 species of coleoptera, 9 species of fish, 15 species of amphibians, 35 species of reptiles, 277 species of birds and 65 of mammals.

The area contains a representative sample of the central massif, besides, it is located in a transition area between the zone lacandon jungle and forest that joins the central Massif with Guatemala.

The ecological goods and services produced by the ecosystems of the protected natural area Lagunas de Montebello, include the protection of the genetic heritage; the absorption of greenhouse gases; the climate regulation, the maintenance of water resources; soil conservation; the preservation of landscape value; the production of timber and non-timber forest resources, and the structuring of habitats for a wide variety of flora and fauna.
  Major ecosystem type   Coniferous forest, Fir-oak-liquidambar Forest, Mountain mesophyllous forest, Riparian vegetation, Secondary vegetation.
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   16º 04’ 40’’ - 16º 10’ 20’’ Latitude N and 91º 37’ 40’’ - 91º 47’ 40’’ Longitude W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   6,411
  Core area(s)   3,411.983
  Buffer zone(s)   2,999.224
  Transition area(s) when given   7,260.494
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   1500 a 1800 m
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas
  Brief description   As from August 2001, there have been agreements between the Forest National Committee and the Environment and National Resources Secretariat, in concordance with ECOSUR in order to carry out the Forest Health Program, through the project of forest ecology. From then onwards there have been activities of localization of areas infested with forest pests, the most important one being the decorticator (Dendroctonus frontalis), which affects the species Pinus oocarpa and Pinus maximinoi (Altuzar 2002). Later, in different periods and through different projects, the installation of traps in different spots over the area was carried out, as part of a monitoring system. These traps aim at observing the response that decorticators and natural enemies present to synthetic pheromones.

The Region participates as member of the Regional Operating Centre, located in Comitán, joining the Working Program of the centre for the protection against forest fires. They take actions of physical protection, such as the building of fire-blocking breaches, restoration of pathways and removal of fuels, sectioning and dispersion of fuels. For this kind of activities, there is a generation of Projects of Temporary Employment Programs (PET) and of Sustainable Regional Development (PRODERS).

The Campaign for Pride integrates environmental education activities with a phase aimed at the prevention of forest fires and its target public involves both infants and adult population.

With reference to coordination, we take into consideration the collaboration with Guatemala for the prevention and control of forest fires, all this stated in the memorandum of understanding settled among Mexico, Belize and Guatemala.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, contaminants, erosion, geomorphology, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, siltation/sedimentation.
  Biodiversity   Alien/Invasive/Exotic/Introduced species, amphibians, autoecology/synecology, biodiversity, biology, birds, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, ecosystem assessment, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lagoon systems, lichens, mammals, migrating populations/migration, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, phenology, plants, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, temperate forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, aquaculture/mariculture, capacity building, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, indicators, indicators of sustainability, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, modelling, natural hazards, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, remote sensing, sustainable development/sustainable use.

Last updated: 22/07/2009

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