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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The specific Mongol Daguur's steppe and wetlands territory represents mainly low-mountainous landscapes that support a variety of fauna and flora species. The specific area is rich in biodiversity encompassing biological features from Daurian and Manchurian flora and fauna with natural resources potential in Mongolia. The Mongol Daguur biosphere reserve provides nesting and breeding grounds to globally endangered species i.e. White-naped Crane and there are many rare or critically threatened birds that use the steppe for migratory stopover sites. Situated in the furthest eastern tip of Mongolia and bordered with Russia, the biosphere reserve ecosystem has trans-boundary distinction.

The Dornod aimag province is a cultural, communication, trade, industry and information regional centre of Eastern province of Mongolia. Present day population of the Dornod aimag is around 73 900 people and it includes different ethnic groups (khalkh, buriad and barga, uzemhin and others). The numerous herder households live and raise their livestock using traditional ways of making hay, building fences, and moving from one pasture to another.

The management plan for buffer zone of Mongol Daguur defines the overall and specific objectives of the biosphere reserve, identifies negative human impacts and constraints to achieving those objectives, and to provide support in ensuring healthy living and working environment for 500 household by means of environmental conservation and restoration. The Council of buffer zone of Mongol Daguur implemented projects to assist in establishing full-time jobs for people capable to work whose income is lower than the minimum subsistence level.
  Major ecosystem type   steppe and wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Combination of the Daurian steppe and wetland areas. Wetland areas include small Lakes and ponds (saline and fresh) whileother habitats include low mountains and hills clothed with mixed deciduous trees (e.g., birch and aspen) willow bushes along the Ulz River dominated by mountain and steppe vegetation particularly tussock steppe. The fauna and flora of Mongol Daguur are significantly influenced by the Manchurian bio-geographical region.
  Area (hectares)    
  Core area(s)   15 600ha and conservation area 35 800ha
  Buffer zone(s)   51 600
  Transition area(s) when given   629 000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   From Tari Lake -599.2m to Khoh Mountain 1045m
  Year designated   2007
  Administrative authorities   Mongol Daguur Strictly Protected Area
  Brief description   The research conducted so far includes basic inventories of flora and fauna. In particular Russian and Mongolian scientists carried out surveys and inventories in the region under the nation-wide Mongolian-Russian Biological Expedition.
Research and monitoring and their outputs are key determinants of effective Mongol Daguur management. More prioritized research and monitoring needs to be conducted and the baseline information and data required for the SPA management will be collected.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, breeding/reproduction, conservation, flora, mammals, mountain and highland systems, natural resources, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, capacity building, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, economically important species, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address    
Eastern Mongolian Protected area administration.
P.O. Box 401, Choibalsan city
000007 Dornod
  Telephone   (976) 01582-23373
  Fax   (976) 01582-23373

Last updated: 26/11/2007

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