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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Lukajno Lake Biosphere Reserve is located 5 km east of the town of Mikolajki in the Masurian Lakes region in north-east Poland. This shallow freshwater lake of glacial origin is surrounded by marshes and meadows and is connected with nearby Sniardwy Lake by a channel. Already in 1937, Lukajno Lake was put under protection due to its large number of occurring mute swans (Cygnus olor). In 1977, it was designated as Ramsar site, being a wetland of international importance. Waterfowls on passage include Netta rufina, Aythya nyroca and Fulica atra. Breeding waterfowls include Podiceps cristatus, Botaurus stellaris and Porzana porzana. The site also provides an important feeding area for several raptors, including the threatened Haliaeetus albicilla.
Faunistic and ecological studies are carried out in and surrounding the biosphere reserve, for instance on population dynamics and landscape changes. At the field station of the University of Warsaw, located at the lakeshore, students learn about the lake ecosystem and conferences take place here. Lukajno Lake Biosphere Reserve is also a popular destination for tourists and is especially known among ornithologists.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands / freshwater lake and wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Lake (average depth 0.6 m, maximum depth 3.0 m) habitat; submerged vegetation communities with Charetum aculeolatae, C. contrariae, C.asperae and C. tomentosae; wetlands with rare species such as Callitriche verna, Stellaria palustris, Triglochin palustre etc.
  Location   5349'N; 2138'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,410
  Core area(s)   710
  Buffer zone(s)   700 (given 1999)
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +115
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Mazurski Park Krajobrazowy (Masurian Landscape Park)
  Brief description   Influence of agricultural runoff / non-point source pollution
Ecology/population dynamics of mute swan (Cygnus olor)
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Birds, ecology, population genetics/population dynamics.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact.
  Contact address   Jerzy Kruszelnicki / Grzegorz Wagner
Mazurski Park Krajobrazowy
11-712 Stare Kiebonki
  Telephone   (48.89) 742 1405
  Fax   (48.89) 742 1405

Last updated: 09/03/2005

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