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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Situated along the southern Baltic coast between Leba and Rowy, this biosphere reserve focuses on the protection of coastal aeolian processes and mobile sand dunes which are among the most active and extensive around the Baltic Sea. The Baltic Sea activity and other geo-morphological processes lead to the creation of sand-bars, separating lakes from the sea. The mobile dunes can reach a height of over 30 meters above sea level. The Slowinski wetlands are of high importance in the Baltic Sea region as a breeding and stopover area for many bird species. It was designated as Ramsar site in 1995. The biosphere reserve comprises a series of vegetation zones created by natural succession, going from the coastline towards the mainland. The system includes pioneer and initial sand communities, as well as coastal coniferous forests with crowberry.
The name of the biosphere reserve derives from the group of Kashubian tribe (Slowincy), who once lived in this remote area. An open-air museum, located in Kluki village, is designated to present the culture of this ethnic group. The biosphere reserve is a popular tourist destination and also offers environmental education to the visitors, for instance with interpretative nature paths.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands; marine/coastal wetlands including a part of the Baltic coast
  Major habitats & land cover types   Beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) community with Festuca gigantea, F. altissima, Daphne mezereum, Luzula pilosa etc.; sand dune community with Ammophila arenaria and Elymus arenarius; coastal pine community including stands of birch (Betula pubescens); peat bogs characterized by Drosera rotundifolia, D. intermedia, D. anglica, and with marsh andromeda and dense cotton grass; coastal brackish lake; lake shore communities with halophilic species of Scirpus maritimus and S. lacustris, and alder woods (Alnus glutinosa), pine-oak and pine-birch woods.
  Location   54°39' to 54°46'N; 17°03' to 17°33'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   20,790
  Core area(s)   5,619
  Buffer zone(s)   15,171
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +55
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Ministry of Environment Slowinski National Park Management
  Brief description   Climate studies
Ecology of coastal dune ecosystems
Paleobotanical and geobotanical studies
Fauna studies
Tourism, didactic values
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Birds, coastal/marine, dune systems, ecology, evolutionary studies/palaeoecology/evolution, fauna, flora.
  Socio-economic   Tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Education and public awareness.
  Contact address   Feliks Kaczanowski
Slowinski National Park
ul. Bohaterów Warszawy 1
76-214 Smoldzino
  Telephone   (48.59) 8117 204
(48.59) 8117 339
  Fax   (48.59) 8117 509
  Web site

Last updated: 09/03/2005

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