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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Republic of Korea


  General Description   Central part of the Gwangneung Forest is the basin divided into east and west by the
Bongseonsacheon stream (100m above sea level), which flows southward. The basin
is open to the north and the other aspects are surrounded by the peaks and ridges of
mountain. Owing to the geographical feature, the air temperature of this area in
winter is lower by about 4? than its vicinities. In the eastern part of the forest, Mt.
Jugyeop, the highest peak (600m) in the forest, is connected by gentle ridge line to
Mt. Unak and Gwangneung royal tomb, which is situated at the southern end of the
ridgeline. The western part of the forest is composed of Mt. Soribong (537 m), the
second highest peak in the forest, and its three tributary ridgelines to the north, south,
and east. Particularly the eastern ridgeline forms a gentle declination that disappears
into the Bongseonsacheon Stream, and the site formed on the environs of the eastern
ridge, the central part of Gwangneung Forest, has a fertile soil. And it is covered with
old-growth forest composed of deciduous broadleaf trees assumed to be climatic
climax tree species of this region.
Thirty-five villages with approximately 230,000 inhabitants are within the transition
area of the proposed Biosphere Reserve. The inhabitants can be categorized into two
groups. The smaller group consists of the original inhabitants engaged in agriculture, and the larger group consists of those who moved from other areas and are engaged
in the restaurant and hotel business. Recently, however, new occupations have been
introduced, specifically, businesses that provide nature exposure to urban residents,
such as hiking trails or forest retreats and weekend farms.
The core areas are protected forests for scientific research and monitoring of natural
deciduous broad-leaved forest and habitat protection area for the white-bellied
The buffer zones are experimental forest for development of forestry technique and
education. Most of the forests are plantations.
The transition areas consist of private forests, farmlands and residential districts.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate deciduous broadleaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   - Cover type: Hornbeam-oak forest, red pine forest and coniferous plantations
- Major habitats: Mammals (Peteromys volans and Felis bengalensis)
Birds (Dryocopus martius and Dryocopus javensis richards)
Insects (Lethocerus deyrollei and Callipogon relictus)
  Location   37?45 '46 ?E , 127?08 '47 ?N
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   24,465
  Core area(s)   755
  Buffer zone(s)   1,657
  Transition area(s) when given   22,053
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   100 to 600 meters
  Year designated   2010
  Administrative authorities   Korea National Arboretum
  Brief description   Weather conditions are being measured continuously from 1977, and hydrological
research in the artificial coniferous forest and natural deciduous broadleaf forest is
being conducted via two weirs established at the two stands, respectively, in 1989. In
Soribong area, the core area of the proposed Biosphere Reserve, which was designated as the investigation site of International Long Term Ecological Research
(ILTER) Network, forest ecological study are being conducted from 1998.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    Gwangneung Forest Biosphere Reserve
Jikdongri 51-7, Soheul-eup, Pocheon City
487-821 Gyeonggi Province
Republic of Korea
  Web site

Last updated: 18/06/2010

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