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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   The Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve is located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory of Siberia on the ‘left bank’ of a large man-made reservoir, where the Yenisey valley cuts through the Western Sayan Mountain range. Covering a vast area with an elevation change from 400 to 2,735 meters above sea level, the biosphere reserve comprises a rich diversity of habitats. It includes extensive coniferous and mixed forests, sub-alpine and alpine meadows, mountain tundra, mountain steppe, taiga, streams and marshlands. There is a marked difference in climate and soils between north and south-facing slopes of the Sayan Mountains. The first, influenced by Atlantic air masses, is wetter than the latter which is more continental due to Arctic influence.
About 20 people live within the core area and buffer zone (1997, no figures on the transition area). To the south of the biosphere reserve, the territory of the Tuvinian people is located who traditionally live from livestock raising. All kinds of traditional use of natural resources take place in the buffer zone and transition area of the biosphere reserve, including forestry, agriculture, fishing, hunting, plant gathering and eco-tourism. The Sayanskaya Hydroelectric station and the aluminium plant cause some impact on the transition area of the biosphere reserve. A visitor center, a natural museum and interpretation trails provide information on the region and its environment for tourists and school classes.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Coniferous forests; mixed forests with some stands of Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), fir (Abies spp.) and larch (Larix spp.); sub-alpine and alpine meadows; mountain tundra, mountain steppe; taiga; rocky streams; marshlands; glaciers
  Location   51°50' to 52°30'N; 91°15' to 92°30'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   390,368
  Core area(s)   Zonation under revision
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +400 to +2,735
  Year designated   1984
  Administrative authorities   Director Sayano-Shushenskiy Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology
  Brief description   Air pollution
Ecology of ungulates and large predators
Management of mountain ecosystems
Inventory of vascular plants, birds, mammals
Dangerous species of plants and animals
Influence of the Sayano-Shushenskoje water reservoir upon the ecosystems of Yenisey valley
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Air quality, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Birds, ecology, fauna, mammals, mountain and highland systems, plants, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   A.G. Rassolov
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve
7 Zapovednaya street, Settlement Shushenskoe
662720 Krasnoyarskiy Kray
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.391 39) 318 81
  Fax   (7.391 39) 318 81

Last updated: 13/12/2007

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