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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   In the central part of the East European Plain, about 450 km south-east of Moscow, Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve comprises an undulating plain, sloping to the west, and crossed by the Usman' and Ivnita Rivers and their tributaries. The site occupies the northern part of the Usmanski Forest which is one of the largest forest areas in the steppe. It is a mixed forest with stands of pine (Pinus sylvestris), oak (Quercus robur), lime (Tilia cordata) and flood plain forests of alder (Alnus glutinosa). 54 mammal species present include Russian desman (Desmana moschata), beaver (Castor fiber), otter (Lutra lutra), elk (Alces alces). The forest had been heavily logged in the past. Today, reafforestation of river banks with willow (Salix spp.) has permitted the forest to recover and enabled the beaver population to increase.
Some 50,600 permanent residents live mostly in the transition area (1998) and depend on agriculture and livestock raising. There are up to 7,500 national tourists (1998), but local communities do not derive much income from these activities. A nature museum, interpretation trails and excursions contribute to environmental education within the biosphere reserve. The area has a long research history with records dating back to 1936.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mixed forests with stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), oak (Quercus robur) and lime (Tilia cordata); flood plain forests of alder (Alnus glutinosa) with aspen (Populus tremula), birch (Betula pendula), ash (Fraxinus excelsior) etc.; small lakes; marshlands; waterlogged meadows
  Location   5151' to 5202'N; 3921' to 3947'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   38,783
  Core area(s)   16,811
  Buffer zone(s)   14,242
  Transition area(s) when given   7,730
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +90 to +170
  Year designated   1984
  Administrative authorities   Director of Voronezhsky Zapovednik, reporting to the Federal Committee on Natural Resources and Ecology Ministry of the Environment
  Brief description   Soil fauna
Plant growth/development relationships
Ecology of bryophytes
Forest succession studies
Changes in the composition and distribution of vertebrates over the last 50 years
Ecological monitoring
Study on birds (method: bio-tests)
Inventory of beaver (Castor sp.)
Research on "dynamic of phenomena and processes in the environment"
Research on "structural and functional organization of ecosystems"
Conservation of genetic resources: Establishment of special areas for indigenous genetic forms of oak and pine; Establishment of zones with habitats for Castor fiber and Cervus elaphus
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
Indicators of sustainability relevant to economic activities:
General indication on the quality of the environment based on the stable development of organisms
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Habitat, soil.
  Biodiversity   Birds, conservation, ecology, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, fauna, forest systems, genetic resources, mammals, methodologies, phytosociology/succession, plants.
  Socio-economic   Indicators of sustainability.
  Integrated monitoring   Environmental quality, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   V. A. Semeonov
Voronezh, Settlement Grafskaya, Zapovednik
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.473-2) 594 559
  Fax   (7.473-2) 594 559

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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