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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


Photo: Nicolai Shpilenok
  General Description   This biosphere reserve is located in the basin of the Desna River (a left tributary of the Dnieper) next to the border to Ukraine. It is of great importance for protection of the diversity and integrity of plant and animal communities of the broadleaf forest zone in the European part of Russia. It has been established on the bases of a well-developed network of protected areas, which are connected ecologically. Big carnivores such as brown bear, lynx and wolf have viable populations here and ungulates such as elk, red deer, wild boar and roe deer are numerous.
Some 9,500 people live in the biosphere reserve who are mostly Russians but also partly Ukrainian (2000). They make their living mostly from forestry and agriculture but also small local enterprises, industries and the railway play some role. The biosphere reserve aims to assist the sustainable socio-economic development in three districts of the Bryansk region through the support and establishment of sustainable methods on rational use of natural resources within the buffer zone and transition area.
Research and monitoring are of international importance since it will allow Russia and Ukraine to elaborate a common policy in conservation and management of natural resources in the Desna River basin. A Geographical Information System (GIS) has been developed since 1987 and there are ten geobotanical permanent plots and winter counting routes for vertebrates. An Educational Centre is located in the core area of the biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Pine forest including Pinus sylvestris, Betula pendula, Calluna vulgaris etc.; pine-oak forest characterized by Quercus robur, Pinus sylvestris, Betula pendula etc.; spruce forest with Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Populus tremula, Betula pubescens etc.; spruce-broadleaf forest characterized by Picea abies, Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides etc.; oak forest with Q. robur, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides etc.; small-leaved forest characterized by Betula pendula, B. pubescens, Populus tremula etc.; alder forest dominated by Alnus glutinosa, Salix cinerea, Viburnum opulus etc.; swamp birch forest with Betula pubescens, B. humilis, Salix rosmarinifolia etc.; herbaceous swamps with Phragmites australis, Glyceria maxima, Typha latifolia etc.; sphagnum bogs with Sphagnum angustifolium, S. falax, S. magellanicum etc.; grassland including Alopecurus pratensis, Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca pratensis etc.; shrub with Salix alba, S. pentandra, S. fragilis etc.; rivers and lakes; pasture land; pine and spruce plantations; agroecosystems
  Location   5220' to 5246'N; 3337' to 3427'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   128,394
  Core area(s)   17,631
  Buffer zone(s)   21,363
  Transition area(s) when given   89,400
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +128 to +190
  Year designated   2001
  Administrative authorities   Planned co-ordinating Council; Administration of Bryansky Les State Nature Reserve; Principal management of Natural Resources of Bryansk region
  Brief description   Meteorological observations
Landscape mapping
Inventory of vascular plants
Mapping distribution of populations of rare and endangered vascular plant species
Monitoring state of rared and endangered vascular plant species populations
Inventory of mosses
Monitoring of vegetation dynamics
Inventory of vertebrates
Monitoring the state of threatened bird and mammal species
Annual nest cadastre of the falconiform and ciconiform birds
Restoration of the European Bison population
Conservation of the brown bear
Development of GIS
Development of computerized database on species diversity
Sociological monitoring of local communities
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Habitat, hydrology, meteorology.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, conservation, fauna, genetic resources, mammals, methodologies, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Monitoring methodologies, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Geographic Information System/GIS, landscape inventorying/monitoring, mapping.
  Contact address   Vladimir Anatolyevich Pitchelyov
Management of specially protected areas and objects, Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation
1232812, B. Gruzinskaya Street, 4/6
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.095) 125 61 33
  Contact address    
Bryansky Les State Nature Reserve
Suzemsky district, Settlement Nerussa
242180 Bryankaya Region
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.483-53) 25774
  Fax   (7.483-53) 25774
  Web site

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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