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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   Vodlozersky Biosphere Reserve is located in the extreme north-west of the country. Mid-latitude and northern taiga landscapes are preserved here and all kinds of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems typical for this zone are represented - boreal coniferous forests (spruce Picea abies, P. obovata and pine Pinus sylvestris), mires, lake and river ecosystems. The most important task for the Vodlozersky Biosphere Reserve is the improvement of the social and economic conditions of life for the local population along with conservation and development of traditional, ecologically safe kinds of nature management and land uses (fisheries, haymaking, pasture and arable lands).
Approximately 4,560 permanent residents (seasonally up to 5,600) live in the biosphere reserve (2001). The cultural heritage dates back to Mesolithic archaeological sites and to the 15th century when Russians started to colonize Vodlozerje which initiated the forming of an isolated cultural region in the Russian North. Apart from churches and chapels, also a very old cultural landscape and local customs have survived to date.
Within the biosphere reserve, scientific and ecological expeditions are conducted to study and inventory the nature diversity and territory resources. Monitoring of boreal, mire and aquatic species is also carried out. There are programmes on the revival of traditional land-use practices and cultural traditions. At present, the territory is a model for working out a strategy for tourism development as a promising branch of economy in Inega and Pudozg regions.
  Major ecosystem type   Boreal needleleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   North-taiga pine open wood shrubby forests characterized by Pinus sylvestris, Vaccinium myrtillus, Calluna vulgaris etc.; north-taiga spruce shrubby forests dominated by Picea abies, P. obovata, Pinus sylvestris etc.; middle-taiga greenmoss-blueberry-spruce forests including Picea abies, P. obovata, Dicranum sp. etc.; middle-taiga pine forests with lichen and greenmoss forests, including Pinus sylvestris, Betula pendula, B. pubescens etc.; upper oligotrophic sphagnum mires with ridges and pools characterized by Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, Betula nana and Andromeda polifolium; agroecosystems; forestry systems
  Location   6207 to 6335N; 3615 to 3730E
6251N; 3652E (central point)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   862,360
  Core area(s)   92,141
  Buffer zone(s)   320,219
  Transition area(s) when given   450,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +136 to +317
  Year designated   2001
  Administrative authorities   Management of Voldozersky National park- Biosphere Reserve 'Vodlozersky', reporting to the Federal Forest Service of the Russian Federation
  Brief description   Meteorological measurements
'The genesis and dynamics of nature ecosystems and evolution of the folk culture in the territory of the Vodlozersky naitonal park' including: 1. Structural and functional organization of forest ecosystems, forest monitoring
2. Rational use of fish resources, ichtyological monitoring
3. The strucure and dynamics of mire ecosystems, berry resources of mires
4. Monitoring of population dynamics of birds and mammals
Cultural ethnographic peculiarities of Vodlozerje with the objective of rebirth and development of the traditional culture and traditional forms of nature management as the base of sustainable development of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Meteorology.
  Biodiversity   Birds, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, fishes, forest systems, mammals, methodologies, natural resources, population genetics/population dynamics.
  Socio-economic   Cultural aspects, fishery/fisheries, resource use, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Chervjakov Oleg Vasyljevich
Parkovaya Street, 44
185002 Petrozavodsk, Karelia Republic
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.814-2) 76 43 79
  Fax   (7.814-2) 76 43 79

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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