To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   The Ugra Biosphere Reserve and National Park is situated in the center of the East-European Plain, south-west of Moscow. The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes in the catchment areas of the Ugra, Zhizdra and Oka Rivers. The biosphere reserve also includes main Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of international significance and one of the few remaining old-growth broadleaf woodlands in European Russia. The area is also of cultural and historical significance since it hosts many archaeological sites, nobleman estates, monasteries, churches and ancient towns.
About 2,500 permanent residents of the biosphere reserve mostly live in the transition area (2001) and mainly rely on agriculture. There is a high rate of unemployed persons and pensioners in the area. Seasonally, up to 12,500 people live here in dachas. The designation as biosphere reserve is hoped to enhance ecologically sound and traditional agriculture, to foster ecotourism and to create new jobs in small ‘green businesses’ such as bee-keeping or medical herb gathering. Within the biosphere reserve framework, local communities are familiarized with wise natural resource utilization and sustainable development techniques and carry out conservation projects. Currently, two projects funded by the Global Environmental Facility are implemented in the biosphere reserve (2002): a National Park Protection Service improvement project, and a model school project with the aim to provide ecological education to local communities.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Pine forest characterized by Pinus sylvestris L., Betula pendula, Calluna vulgaris ; spruce forest with Picea abies , Pinus sylvestris , Populus tremula , Betula pubescens etc.; spruce-broadleaf forest including Picea abies , Quercus robur , Tilia cordata . etc.; oak forest characterized by Quercus robur , Fraxinus excelsior , Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides , Ulmus glabra , Acer campestre etc.; small-leaved forest with Betula pendula, Betula pubescens, Populus tremula etc.; agricultural lands; rivers and lakes
  Location   53°47' to 54°58'N; 34°51' to 36°17'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   153,832
  Core area(s)   9,806
  Buffer zone(s)   22,826
  Transition area(s) when given   121,200
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +118 to +257
  Year designated   2002
  Administrative authorities   The Council of the Ugra National Park Problem under Governor of Kaluga Oblast
  Brief description   Complex hydrological monitoring of rivers and lakes
Mapping of the BR territory
Study of Russian desman ecology
Important animal species monitoring
Geobotanical mapping of one part of territory
Study of the broadleaf forests and their evolution
42 places for monitoring of wood pathology since 1999
12 places for monitoring of geobotany since 2000
18 routes for winter account of mammals since 1998
Study of local communities for tourism activity development
Study and inventorying of cultural landscapes
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Kaluga City, 3-a, Prigorodnoe Forestry
248007 Kaluga Region
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (7.484-2) 72 57 91
  Fax   (7.484-2) 72 57 91

Last updated: 01/03/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO