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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   Kenozersky Biosphere Reserve in the Arkhangelsk Region in the northwest of the country includes virgin taiga forest and mixed pine-spruce forest ecosystems. The site is a globally important migratory bird habitat, and contains unique swamp and forest ecosystems. The Biosphere Reserve corresponds to the Kenozero National Park. It has both bird species typical to the middle-taiga as well as to deciduous forest and steppe zones and numerous birds inhabit the northern or southern limits of their natural distribution. Many birds of prey are recorded in the area such as buzzard, goshawk, hen harrier and marsh harrier. Cultural landscapes play an important role in the development of high biodiversity levels in this natural protected area. Natural-geographical features and centuries-old history have created conditions for the existence of a variety of plant and animal species. 534 plant species are recorded in the area, of which 53 are rare or endangered, including many orchid species. The fauna include many typical taiga species such as wolf, brown bear, glutton, elk, lynx, otter, marten and mink.

The Kenozero Biosphere Reserve aims to cooperate with local communities and enterprises promoting the sustainable use of natural resources. Great attention is devoted to teaching and promoting small business initiatives to local people. The main priorities are the conservation of biological and landscape diversity, historical and cultural heritage, ecological education, and socio-economic development. There are 46 settlements with 2,400 people living in the transition area of the Biosphere Reserve, whose activities include tourism and traditional trades and crafts, which are being revived. In the buffer zone sustainable forestry techniques are practised.

Kenozero has a unique historical-cultural heritage with monuments of wooden architecture under federal protection (Pochozero and Porzhensky grave yard of the 17th - 19th centuries). There are also 42 sacred groves, seids (sacred stones), and sacred trees on sites where pagan burials took place and that have been conserved from pre-Christian time. Traditional cultural landscapes have conserved the features of planning of the 17th - 19th centuries Northern Russian rural landscapes, lost in other industrial areas. The management plan of the territory takes into consideration the necessity to conserve natural sites that are not subject to any economical activities (core area); transit sites without any economical activities at the moment (buffer zone); and territories with traditional economical activities (cooperation zone). It includes 'the program of socio-economic development of the area included in the Kenozero National Park' which encompasses tourism with conservation of cultural landscapes, restoration of cultural monuments, and other activities to make the area more attractive.
  Major ecosystem type   Boreal needleleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Pine forest with Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, Betula pendula etc.; Spruce forest characterized by Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Populus tremula, Betula pubescens etc.; Old deciduous and mixed forest with Betula pendula, B. pubescens, Populus tremula etc.; Agricultural lands; Rivers and lakes with Elodea canadensis, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Stratiotes aloides etc.; Moss swamp with Sphagnum fuscum, Polytrichum commune, Dicranum polysetum etc.
  Location   6136' to 6215'N; 3747' to 3833'E
6155'N; 3810'E (Central point)
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   139,663
  Core area(s)   18,688
  Buffer zone(s)   71,951
  Transition area(s) when given   49,024
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +80.7 to +229.5
  Year designated   2004
  Administrative authorities   Interdepartmental Coordination Center at the Head of Arkhangelsk Region Administration of the Kenozero National Park Administration
  Brief description   The zonation was determined by the following factors:
Conservation of the area with natural passing processes without anthropogenic influence or with minimal influence. Conservation of old aged primeval forests, natural habitats for rare animals and migration routes for elks;
Conservation of picturesque landscapes and organizing of educational tourism;
Conservation of cultural landscapes including villages with indigenous population, the system of adjacent arable lands and lakes that were used for various forms of traditional nature uses, sacred shrines and historical and cultural monuments (churches, chapels, obey crosses) with areas of trading places;
The possibility of implementation of sustainable nature use principles and conservation of traditional forms of land use by local populations.

Species biodiversity of nature components; Inventory of birds; Relic crustacean of the Kenozero Lake; Inventory of mosses and vascular plants; Monitoring of ichtyofauna of natural water reservoirs; Forest-pathological monitoring; Monitoring of numbers of game birds and animals; Research on ethnical compounds of cultural landscapes; Creation of a data base on sacred culture; Creation of a data base on all villages located in the Kenozero National Park.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, fishes, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, mammals, monitoring/methodologies, pests/diseases, plants, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   Anthropological studies/Anthropology, cultural aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Landscape inventorying/monitoring.
  Contact address   Noa Stainer
Ministry of Environment Protection
Kanfe Nesharim, P.O. Box 34033
95464 Jerusalem
  Telephone   972-2-6495846
  Fax   972-2-6485893

Last updated: 01/03/2007

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