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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation


  General Description   According to the geological structure, the type of the relief, the soils, the vegetation, the area of the BR is divided into: Zhiguli, wooded plateau of Samarskaya Luka, Forest-steppe plateau of Samarskaya Luka, Perevoloki-Usa landscape, Rozhdestveno landscape, Volga flood-lands and islands, Racheika pinery, Muranka pinery, Klimovka Chalky Hills some landscapes
POPULATION: constant season
The main zone: absent 30
The buffer zone: 20 thousand 20 thousand
The transitional zone: 80 thousand 40 thousand
Using and kinds of activities in the main zone: protection of the forbidden territory; scientific researches and monitoring; recovery of components of the ecosystems; ecological enlightenment and education.
The main kinds of land use and economic activities in the buffer zone: regulated forest management; agriculture (plant growing, cattle-breeding); biotechnical and regulation actions; conduction of recultivation of lands, damaged for mineral extraction; mental and ecological enlightenment; recreation (tourist hikes, works, plant collecting, fishing); water use.
  Major ecosystem type   Zhiguli height, Volga flood-lands and islands, Racheika pine forest, Muranka Pine Forest, Klimovka Chalky Hills.
  Major habitats & land cover types   Zhiguli, wooded plateau of Samarskaya Luka, Forest-steppe plateau of Samarskaya Luka, Perevoloki-Usa landscape, Rozhdestveno landscape, Volga flood-lands and islands, Racheika pinery, Muranka pinery, Klimovka Chalky Hills some landscapes
  Location   53 08' 40" 53 29' 30" of the Northern latitude
48 00' 30" 50 10' 40" of the Eastern longitude
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   150,000
  Core area(s)   30000
  Buffer zone(s)   50000
  Transition area(s) when given   70000 (approximate area)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   The most altitude: 382 m The least altitude: 30 m.
  Year designated   2006
  Administrative authorities   Machinery of government of the BR: Coordinating Council, formed from the leaderships of interested organizations and institutions. The main zone: Administrations of the Zhigulyovsk State Nature Preserve and Samarskaya Luka National Park, functioning on the basis of the Regulations about the Zhiguli Preserve, Regulations about Samarskaya Luka National Park and Legislation of the RF. Buffer zone: Administration of Zhigulyovsk; the Ministry of the Natural Resources and environment protection of the Samara Region; agricultural enterprises and Councils of local governments, acting according to the Regulations. Mechanisms of interaction: Coordinating Council will regulate the organizations and institutions, situated in the BR territory according to acting legislation and in the interests of steady development of the Region.
  Brief description   Continuation of the inventory making of invertebrate animals species diversity in the whole territory of the BR (including transitional zone) and continuation of monitoring on constant objects in the Zhiguli Preserve are being planned. It is planned also to organize control of the condition of the populations of rare plant species in the following territories: the National Park, Racheika pinery, Muranka pinery and Klimovka Chalky Hills. It is supposed, that systematic censuses of hunting animals and birds will be carried out. It is prospectively planned to organize station of background monitoring on the base of meteorological station Sosnovyi Solonez.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, air quality, air temperature, climate, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, biodiversity, birds, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, fauna, fishes, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory, temperate forest, temperate grassland, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, archaeology/paleontology, bioprospecting, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, indicators, indicators of sustainability, local participation, micro-credits, mining, modelling, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, people-nature relations/man/nature, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, indicators, infrastructure, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   Sergey Balachonov
Federal service on inspectorate in the area of nature management
Bolshaya Gruzinskaya, 4/6
123812 Moscow
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (495) 2545400
  Fax   (495) 2544338
  Contact address   Yury Krasnobayev
Sprygin Zhiguli State Natural Preserve
Zhigulyovsk city, Bakhilova Polyana village
445362 Samara Region
Russian Federation
  Telephone   (84862) 37838
  Fax   (84862) 23855

Last updated: 10/12/2009

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