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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Spain

MONTSENY

 
       
  General Description   The Montseny Biosphere Reserve and National Park is located between the Mediterranean and Eurosiberian-Pirenaic regions in the Mediterranean Sclerophyll Province. It is the highest part of the Catalan coastal range. Because of its structure and the hardness of the rocks, the topography is very varied with long rocky slopes. The high relief and deeply incised rivers have produced waterfalls and gorges. Because of differences in altitude and climate, the area contains communities ranging from typically Mediterranean to sub alpine. In the lower part, holm oak (Quercus ilex) is abundant together with other Mediterranean elements such as cork oak and pines. In the upper part of the Mediterranean zone, holm oak gives way to the association of Quercetum mediterraneo-montanum on siliceous soils. More than 850 inhabitants (2000) live in the area, engaged mainly in forestry, cattle raising, agriculture and tourism and the commercialization of local products. Over 1,500 tourists (2000) visit the reserve annually. Eight archeological sites and over 80 architectural monuments from the Middle Age are found. The area is implementing a comprehensive land use plan and promoting sustainable development activities, such as quality tourism, agriculture and forestry. There are many research facilities available and significant abiotic, biotic, and natural and social scientific research has been carried out.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Oak woodlands dominated by holm oak (Quercus ilex) together with cork oak and pines (Pinus halepensis, P. pinea and P. pinaster); shrub and herbaceous communities; Quercetum mediterraneo-montanum associations with mountain oaks, hazel (Corylus sp.) and alder (Alnus sp.); relict community of Prunus lusitanica; oak communities such as Buxeto-Quercetum pubescentis, Aceri-Quercetum petraeae and Quercetum petraeae catalanicum; beech forest (Fagus sylvatica) with Helleborus occidentalis, Anemone nemorosa, Calluna vulgaris etc.; heath and broom communities; subalpine communities of Juniperus nana and Festuca grasslands; siliceous cliffs with Saxifraga vayredana communities
  Location   41°47'N; 02°25'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   30,117
  Core area(s)   ~1,077
  Buffer zone(s)   ~16,292
  Transition area(s) when given   ~12,748
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +270 to +1,712
  Year designated   1978
  Administrative authorities   Diputación de Barcelona Diputación de Girona
 
  Brief description   Meteorology
Hydrology
Forest ecosystems
Regeneration of vegetation after fire
Populations of micro-mammals, birds and reptiles
Dynamics of natural systems
Visitors frequency
Socio-economic impacts on the park
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, meteorology.
  Biodiversity   Birds, fires/fire ecology, forest systems, mammals, population genetics/population dynamics, reptiles, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Social/Socio-economic aspects, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact.
 
  Contact address   Juana Barber
Directora Conservador del Parque National Montseny
c/Conde de Urgell, 187, 3° planta
08036 Barcelona
Spain
  Telephone   (34.93) 4022428
  Fax   (34.93) 4022926
  E-mail   barberrj@diba.es
  Web site   http://www.diba.es
 
  n.a.


Last updated: 27/02/2007

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