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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The geographical situation of this biosphere reserve near the Mediterranean and Atlantic coast (Gibraltar strait), and the altitudes of its mountains provoke the Mediterranean humid climate in Sierra de las Nieves. It consists of a great limestone mountainous landscape presenting rocks and lithologies belonging to the Betica Mountain Range. The altitudes of the reserve range between 100 meters above the sea level near the Mediterranean coast and 1,919 meters above sea level, in the Torrecilla peak. It comprises various botanic endemism and flower formations as the ‘Spanish fir’ (Abies pinsapo), a species of relict fir tree from glacial periods, and the ‘Lusitanian oak (Quercus faginea alpestris), a subspecies adapted to the extreme high altitudes climatic conditions. Animal species as the wild goat (Capra pyrenaica hispanica), the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and the river otter (Lutra lutra) are also found. Given these exceptional natural values the site is protected under the declarations of a National Hunting Reserve and a Natural Park. Ten municipalities of the biosphere reserve were associated in the Township association of Sierra de las Nieves to design and implement the sustainable development plan project. More than 55,165 inhabitants (1995) live in the biosphere reserve, engaged in agriculture, conservation and improvement of natural and cultural heritage and development of indigenous products and services. Renowned for its natural and cultural values, the sites receives 265,000 visitors each year. Other projects as the Communitarian Initiative of Rural Development Leader II are implemented to support rural development, commercialization of agriculture and forestry production.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Sclerophyllous oak (Quercus sp.) woodlands, in lower areas composed of Quercus rotundifolia and cork oak (Q. suber); Abies pinsapo forests; shrublands ("matorrales") of Juniperus communis and J. sabina; riparian vegetation along rivers characterized by shrublands of Prunus ulmifolius and stands of poplar (Populus alba) and willow (Salix sp.); shrublands ("matorrales") of pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus)
  Location   36°31' to 36°51'N; 04°44' to 05°10'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   93,930
  Core area(s)   4,122
  Buffer zone(s)   53,310
  Transition area(s) when given   36,498
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +100 to +1,919
  Year designated   1995
  Administrative authorities   Mancomunidad de Municipios Sierra de las Nieves y su Entorno Parque Natural Sierra de las Nieves (Junta de Andalucía)
  Brief description   Climate
Vegetation mapping
Inventories of birds, mammals and vascular plants
Sinecological studies of aquatic and terrestrial organisms
Anthropogenic impacts
Management practices
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate.
  Biodiversity   Birds, community studies/communities, ecology, mammals, plants, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, management issues.
  Contact address   Tomás Rueda Gaona
Biólogo y Técnico en Desarrollo
Avda. Fernando Díaz, 6-1
29566 Casarabonela, Málaga
  Telephone   (34.952) 45 61 53
  Fax   (34.952) 45 61 54
  Web site
  Contact address   Miguel Ángel Martín Casillas
Director- Conservador del Parque Natural Sierra de las Nieves
Junta de Andalucia, C/ Mauricio Moro, 2, 4ª
29006 Málaga
  Telephone   (34.951) 04 00 58
  Fax   (34.951) 04 01 08

Last updated: 27/02/2007

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