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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Terras do Miño located in Galicia, is a traditional cultural landscape with many highly important natural habitats and erosive accumulation of terraces systems associated to specific sections of the Río Miño. The Miño river network drains southwest Galicia in the Iberian Hercynian Massif. The zone is the transition area between the Western and the Northern continental edges characterized by deeply entrenched streams. It plays an important role in hydric regulation of the whole region. It comprises evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands and scrub, lagoons and matorral, forests and alluvial forests, blanket bogs, raised bogs and fens. It also includes wetlands in the plains and valleys, agricultural land and mountains. More than 160,000 inhabitants live in the biosphere reserve comprising 25 rural municipalities with one urban center. They are mostly engaged in cattle grazing, commerce and traditional agrosystems in a particular form of ancient agrarian organization. Various prehistoric and middle age sites are declared as World Heritage sites, such as the ‘Muralla de Lugo’ and the village of ‘Lucus Augusti’ founded in 25.a.C. Some ancient fortifications and castles are found, as well as civil architecture. Membership in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves entails official UN recognition of local and national efforts to meet global concerns on environmental sustainability. The biosphere reserve has developed a regional sustainable development plan, in which socio-cultural development plays an important role .
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Lagoons; matorral characterized by Cytisus striatus, C. scoparius, C. ingramii, Genista polygaliphylla, Ulex europaeus etc.; sclerophyllous forests with Quercus robur, Q. pyrenaica, Castanea sativa etc.; alluvial forests (Querco-Fagetea and Alnetea Glutinosae); blanket bogs, raised bogs and fens; wetlands of the plains and valleys; agricultural lands
  Location   43°10’34"N; 07°33’16"W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   363,669
  Core area(s)   35,505.1
  Buffer zone(s)   79,934.5
  Transition area(s) when given   248,229.3
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +100 to +1,215
  Year designated   2002
  Administrative authorities   La Diputación Provincial at Lugo, with the autonomous organization INLUDES (Instituto Lucense de Desarrollo Economico y social ))
  Brief description   Meteorology
Permanent monitoring of water volumes and physical-chemical parameters in rivers
Water quality
Monitoring of hydrological and climatological parameters
Study and modelization of soil characteristics in relation to planned irrigation and drainage
Study and modelization of hydrological variables
Utilization of nonconventional water resources
Inventory and evaluation of biotic components in the area
Characterization and ecology of wetlands
Ecological studies of natural habitats
Modelization of the dynamics of biological processes
Structure and functioning of peat bogs
Dynamic plant-animal interactions
Landscape inventorying
Anthropogenic impacts
Landscape modelling and standards for the protection of nature
Selection of indicators of change in ecosystems
Indicators of sustainability in relation to economic activities
Development of socioeconomic structures
Conservation of genetic resources
Conservation of species and habitats
Sustainable use
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Laura Vázquez
Reserva de Biosfera Terras do Miño
Ronda da Muralla, 140
27004 LUGO
  Telephone   (34.982) 26 53 58
(34.982) 26 53 61
  Fax   (34.982) 243006
(34.982) 265361

Last updated: 27/02/2007

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