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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Sri Lanka


  General Description   Hurulu Biosphere Reserve comprises 25,500 hectares within the tropical dry evergreen forest in Sri Lanka. A dry monsoon type climate prevails with mean annual precipitation of 1,600 mm and a mean annual temperature of 27,3C. Dominant plant species are Setinwood (Chloroxylon swietenia) and Palu (Manilkara hexandra) together with the ebony tree (Diospyros ebenum). Among the most endangered animal species are the turtle (Testudo elegans), Ceylon Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii), the elephant (Elephas maximus), the leopard (Panthera pardus) and the rusty-spotted cat (Felis rubiginosa).
The biosphere reserve is not accessible at the moment and there are no activities going on within the biosphere reserve framework due to the prevailing civil unrest in the area. There is no information on the number of people living in the biosphere reserve (2003). Villagers use the forest for shifting cultivation.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical dry or deciduous forests (incl. monsoon forest)
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tropical dry evergreen forest dominated by Choloroxylon swietenia and Manilkara hexandra together with Diospyros ebenum, Sapindus emarginatus, Vicia unijuga etc.
  Location   0805' to 0820'N; 8047' to 8055'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   25,500
  Core area(s)   25,500
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +90 to +150
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Forest Department
  Brief description  
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Divisional Forest Office

Sri Lanka
  Telephone   (94.25) 226 64
  Fax   (94.25) 226 64
  Contact address    
Deputy Conservator of Forests (Anuradhapura)
DCF Office
Sri Lanka

Last updated: 02/08/2002

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