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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Dinder National Park was established already in 1935 and became a biosphere reserve in 1979. Situated along the border to Ethiopia, this biosphere reserve represents the tropical savanna and grassland ecosystems. It covers an area of about 650,000 hectares. The whole biosphere reserve is considered as a core area with rich flora and fauna. It serves as a vital habitat for terrestrial migratory species which spend the dry season in the park. The park’s extensive wetlands also provide refuge for a large number of migratory birds.
Only limited tourism is allowed. However, the number of mammals has greatly decreased in the last years, largely due to illegal hunting and farming.
About 7,200 people live within the biosphere reserve boundaries (2001). A recent project in Dinder National Park funded by the Global Environmental Facility aims to preserve biodiversity by encouraging species conservation and the sustainable use of resources through the integration of local communities in the utilization and management of natural resources. The project will develop and implement an integrated management plan, in partnership with the impoverished surrounding communities and with equitable sharing of conservation benefits. The fauna and flora of the park will receive protection and there are plans to re-introduce certain species which have died out in the area, such as the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus).
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical grasslands and savannas
  Major habitats & land cover types   Acacia seyal-Balanites aegyptiaca woodlands with tall grasses including sorghum species and Combretum spp.; riverine forests characterized by Hyphaene thebaica, Acacia sieberiana, Tamarindus indica and Dalbergia melanoxylon; swampy areas and shallow lakes dominated by Ipomoea aquatica, Sorghum sudanensis, Cynadon dactylon and Echinochloa spp.; ox-bow lakes; agroecosystems; pasture land
  Location   11°00' to 13°00'N; 34°30' to 36°00'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   890
  Core area(s)   890
  Buffer zone(s)   Under revision
  Transition area(s) when given   Under revision
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +700 to +800
  Year designated   1979
  Administrative authorities   Wildlife Conservation Department, Administrative unit at Galegn, reporting to the national administration of the Wildlife Conservation Department in Khartoum. Dinder National Park
  Brief description   Assessment of watershed problems
Ecological baseline survey
Monitoring of fire effects on small mammals
Ecological studies of Ostrich
Monitoring of flora and fauna
Food habit studies of small mammals
Resources utilization
Production of maps by remote sensing techniques: drainage system and landscape ecology vegetation
Socio-economic studies on local communities
Studies of Maggno community
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Birds, ecology, fauna, fires/fire ecology, flora, mammals, methodologies, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Resource use, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation, remote sensing, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   Sanad Suleiman Sanad Bin Suleiman
Wildlife Conservation General Administration
P.O. Box 336
  Telephone   (249.183) 28 11 75 / 72 / 73
  Fax   (249.11) 770 458
(249.11) 787 617

Last updated: 07/08/2007

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