To Unesco home page

To sitemap

To MAB home page title2.gif (2287 bytes)
      Biosphere Reserve Information

United Kingdom


  General Description   Located on the northern Pennine hills in northern England, this biosphere reserve comprises two adjacent areas: Moor House with Calluneto-Eriophoetum-Sphagnum blanket bog, which is an uncommon European habitat, and Upper Teesdale which constitutes typical heather moors, blanket mires, and acidic grasslands. The area is internationally important because of its combination of Arctic, Alpine and Continental plant communities.
The two principal land uses are agriculture and estate management for game. Agriculture is mainly in the form of sheep and cattle grazing, with some production of hay meadow. A variety of management agreements encourage tenants to maintain traditional hay making practices. Other uses include small-scale forestry, water storage, quarrying of limestone and whinstone, barytes extraction and recreational activities.
Both Moor House and Upper Teesdale have long histories of research and monitoring, including botanical, ornithological, and meteorological activities. The area is also used by a range of schools and colleges as an outdoor classroom.
Proposals made in the periodic review for extending this reserve to meet the Seville criteria are being considered.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Blanket bog (with peat 2-3 m deep) with vegetation dominated by Eriophorum spp. (cotton grass), Calluna vulgaris (heather), and Sphagnum moss; montane heath; calcareous flushes; wet heath; acid grassland
  Location   5436' to 5465'N; 0245' to 0312'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   7,386
  Core area(s)   7,386
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +305 to +850
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   English Nature
  Brief description   Structure and function of bog ecosystems
Monitoring of biotic and abiotic environment
Dynamics of plant-animal relationships
Effects of natural and human influences on biota
Rehabilitation of species
Information at the Environmental Change Network (ECN)
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, fauna, methodologies, plants, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact.
  Contact address   Tony Laws
English Nature - Northumbria Team
Stocksfield Hall, Stocksfield
NE437TN Northumberland
United Kingdom
  Telephone   (44.1661) 84 55 00
  Fax   (44.1661) 84 55 01
  Contact address   Chris McCarty
Site Manager, Moor House-Upper Teesdale
Widdybank Farm, Langdon Beck - Forest in Teesdale
DL12 0HQ Barnard Castle - Co Durham
United Kingdom
  Telephone   (44.1833) 62 23 74
  Contact address   Stewart Lane
Administrative Contact, Land Management & Advisory Services
Natural England, Northminster House
PE1 1UA Peterborough
United Kingdom
  Telephone   (44.1733) 455133

Last updated: 13/03/2007

To topTo MAB home pageTo UNESCO