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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Chernomorskiy (Russian for ‘Black Sea’) Biosphere Reserve is situated on the northern coast of the Black Sea about 45 km south-west of the city of Kherson. It represents shallow coastal, estuarine and inland wetlands as well as marshes, shallow coastal bays, dune systems, halophytic seaside steppe and forest-steppe, which was once common in this region. However, due to agriculture, pine plantations and other economic developments in the surrounding area, the biosphere reserve has an important conservation function for these ecosystem relicts. The bird life of the area is particularly rich and includes three Ramsar sites.
There are no settlements within the biosphere reserve, however about 12,000 people live on a permanent basis beside the biosphere reserve boundaries, (15,600 people in the summer, 1998). Fishing is the only economic activity carried out in the biosphere reserve (buffer zone). The important kinds of economic activities outside the biosphere reserve borders are cattle breeding, forestry, salt extraction and irrigation farming. A nature museum provides environmental education activities to children and the general public. The biosphere reserve also coordinates a Children's Ecological Society.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate grasslands with marine component and wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Forest steppe on alluvial sands with oak (Quercus robur), birch (Betula borysthenica), Prunus stepposa etc.; seaside halophyte bunchgrass steppe supporting Festuca valesiaca, Puccinellia fominii and Elytrigia pseudocaesia; coasts of sea bays with reed (Phragmites australis), Leymus sabulosus, Puccinellia gigantea etc.; islands of continental or accumulative genesis, sand spites with same species as precedent habitat; shallow water sea bays with Zostera marina, Z. minor, Phyllophora nervosa sphaerica etc.
  Location   46°07' to 46°33'N; 31°36' to 32°18'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   98,407
  Core area(s)   70,509 (of which marine: 56,361)
  Buffer zone(s)   18,620 (of which marine: 18,620)
  Transition area(s) when given   9,278
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +17 (above Black Sea level)
  Year designated   1984
  Administrative authorities   Director of the Chernomorskiy Biosphere Reserve, reporting to the Ministry for Ecology and Nature Resources of Ukraine; National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  Brief description   Hydrology, hydrobiology and hydrochemistry
Dynamics of ground water level
Distribution of bottom sediments in bays
Conservation of genetic resources
Breeding/cultivation programmes
Nature monitoring
Monitoring of botany, ichthyology, herpetology, mammals
Monitoring of breeding and migratory birds
Migration process of the wetland gamebirds through the ecological corridor between the Danube and Dnieper deltas (in cooperation with Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve)
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Groundwater, hydrology, siltation/sedimentation.
  Biodiversity   Beach/soft bottom, biology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, conservation, fishes, flora, genetic resources, mammals, methodologies, migrating populations/migration, reptiles, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Dmytro Chernyakov
Director, Chernomorskiy Biosphere Reserve
1, Lermontova
75600 Gola Prystan - Kherson Oblast
  Telephone   (380.5539) 26757
  Fax   (380.5539) 21004

Last updated: 28/02/2007

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