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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Viet Nam


  General Description   Kien Giang is situated in the southern western tip of Vietnam, with an area of 6,243 km2 and a population of 1,623,834 (including 3 major ethnic groups: Kinh account for 84.38% of the population; Kh’me 12.32%; and Hoa 2.38%).

The Biosphere Reserve has a maritime equatorial and monsoon climate. The dry season lasts from December through April; the rainy season from May to November. Humidity is 80-83% and temperatures vary from 25.3 to 27.10C. Annual rainfall is relatively high (1,600-2,100 mm over land, and 2,400-2,900 mm has been measured for Phu Quoc Island).
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical rain forests, limestone and karst forests, swamps, Melaleuca foressts, mangroves, sea grass, coral reefs, coastal wetlands, seasonal flooded grasses.
  Major habitats & land cover types   Naturally regenerated forests, mangrove forest, seagrasses, coral reefs, limestone and karst forests
  Location   Latitude: 9024’0.75’’ to 10031’45.54’’ N
Longitude: 103044’23.64’’ to 105019’48.28’’ W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,118,105
  Core area(s)   36,935
  Buffer zone(s)   172,578
  Transition area(s) when given   978,591
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0.6m - 490 m
  Year designated   2006
  Administrative authorities   People’s Committees of Kien Giang Province
  Brief description   Research on the conservation of Lutra sumatrana (2003-2005). Investment project for constructing protective forest and natural ecosystem conservation in Kien Luong, stage 2002-2010 (October 2001). The Second Sub-Institute of Forest Investigation and Planning works on monitoring of socio-economic conditions, which affect nature conservation. Construction of a museum of historic culture and biological resource conservation at U Minh Thuong National Park. Assessing and monitoring on how socio-economic development in buffer zones influences management and forest protection in U Minh Thuong region.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, air quality, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, physical oceanography/oceans, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, algae, amphibians, beach/soft bottom, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, coral reefs, degraded areas, dune systems, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, evapotranspiration, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, lagoon systems, mammals, mangrove, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, plankton, plants, pollination, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, tropical dry forest, tropical grassland and savanna systems, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, aquaculture/mariculture, capacity building, control and monitoring of illegal activities, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, mining, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, poverty, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address    Nguyen Hoang Tri
Secretary, Vietnam MAB National Committee, Director, Center for Environmental Research and Education (CERE)
Hanoi University of Education (HNUE), 136 Xuan Thuy
Viet Nam
  Telephone   (84.4) 7547502
  Fax   (84.4) 7547502
  Web site

Last updated: 24/01/2007

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