|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Kien Giang is situated in the southern western tip of Vietnam, with an area of 6,243 km2 and a population of 1,623,834 (including 3 major ethnic groups: Kinh account for 84.38% of the population; Khme 12.32%; and Hoa 2.38%).
The Biosphere Reserve has a maritime equatorial and monsoon climate. The dry season lasts from December through April; the rainy season from May to November. Humidity is 80-83% and temperatures vary from 25.3 to 27.10C. Annual rainfall is relatively high (1,600-2,100 mm over land, and 2,400-2,900 mm has been measured for Phu Quoc Island).
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical rain forests, limestone and karst forests, swamps, Melaleuca foressts, mangroves, sea grass, coral reefs, coastal wetlands, seasonal flooded grasses.|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Naturally regenerated forests, mangrove forest, seagrasses, coral reefs, limestone and karst forests|
Latitude: 90240.75 to 1003145.54 N
Longitude: 10304423.64 to 10501948.28 W
|Transition area(s) when given||978,591|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||0.6m - 490 m|
|Administrative authorities||Peoples Committees of Kien Giang Province|
Research on the conservation of Lutra sumatrana (2003-2005). Investment project for constructing protective forest and natural ecosystem conservation in Kien Luong, stage 2002-2010 (October 2001). The Second Sub-Institute of Forest Investigation and Planning works on monitoring of socio-economic conditions, which affect nature conservation. Construction of a museum of historic culture and biological resource conservation at U Minh Thuong National Park. Assessing and monitoring on how socio-economic development in buffer zones influences management and forest protection in U Minh Thuong region.
|Abiotic||Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, air quality, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, physical oceanography/oceans, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography.|
|Biodiversity||Afforestation/Reforestation, algae, amphibians, beach/soft bottom, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, coral reefs, degraded areas, dune systems, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, evapotranspiration, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, lagoon systems, mammals, mangrove, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, plankton, plants, pollination, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, tropical dry forest, tropical grassland and savanna systems, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, aquaculture/mariculture, capacity building, control and monitoring of illegal activities, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, mining, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, poverty, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.|
|Integrated monitoring||Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.|
Nguyen Hoang Tri
Secretary, Vietnam MAB National Committee, Director, Center for Environmental Research and Education (CERE)
Hanoi University of Education (HNUE), 136 Xuan Thuy
|Last updated: 24/01/2007|