|Biosphere Reserve Information|
WESTERN NGHE AN
The Proposed Biosphere Reserve is located in the tropical and temperate zone. It is profoundly influenced by a North-East and South-West monsoon. Because topography of Annamite range influences circulation of atmosphere, there are big climatic differences in the area. The data about climate recorded in many years by Tuong Duong, Con Cuong, Do Luong districts and Vinh City
Most of population in the proposed biosphere reserve is Thai ethnic group (68.89%) and a small number of O Du ethnic groups (0.6%). Living in 3 districts in Pu Mat National Park region belongs to 3 main ethnic groups: Thai, Kho Mu, Kinh and other ethnic groups such as: Tay, H' Mong, O Du.
The Proposed Biosphere Reserve has area of about 1,303,285 ha and covers nine mountainous districts including Con Cuong, Anh Son, Tuong Duong, Que Phong, Quy Chau, Quy Hop, Thanh Chuong and Tan Ky. The proposed Biosphere Reserve has been designed based on the criteria to perform three functions of internationally Proposed Biosphere Reserves, the development strategy of the country, the commitment of Nghe An provincial People's Committee in implementing the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) and Agenda 21 national project. The Proposed Biosphere Reserve has 440.8 km friendship border with Laos People's Democratic Republic. Therefore, there is an opportunity for building a Transboudary Biosphere Reserve after reaching an agreement between the governments.
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical rain forest, limestone and karst forest, lowland forest, forest on slopes and lower alpine forest, bamboo forest and various secondary forest formations, agriculture and agro-forestry ecosystem|
|Major habitats & land cover types||The humid mixed large-leaved and needle-leaves subtropical evergreen closed forest, Dwarf forest, Humid rainy tropical evergreen closed forest, Grassland plots, bushy trees and scattering wood-trees, Land for agriculture cultivation and slash and burn|
Longitude: 103.874345 - 105.500152
|Transition area(s) when given||608,093|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||57.8m -1,800m|
|Administrative authorities||People's Committees of Nghe An province|
Research on "Improving facilities and strengthening capacity", which was financed by Vietnamese Government for studying and overseeing "biotic" [florea and fauna] within the project "Social Forestry and Nature Conservation in Nghe An Province" (SFNC): ALA/VIE/94/24, which was funded by EC and the Vietnamese Government in Pu Mat National Park.
On-going program "Allocating forestry land to communes in buffer zone" in the project "Studying biodiversity in Pu Hoat", which was performed by a scientific cooperation program between Viet Nam Frontier and Biology Resource and Ecology Institute, National Technology and Science Institute in Viet Nam in 1999 and studying Social economy [demography, economics and traditional knowledge,]
|Abiotic||Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, physical oceanography/oceans, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography.|
|Biodiversity||Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, ethology, evapotranspiration, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, mountain and highland systems, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phytosociology/succession, plants, pollination, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, tropical dry forest, tropical grassland and savanna systems, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, aquaculture/mariculture, capacity building, control and monitoring of illegal activities, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, firewood cutting/harvesting, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, human/wildlife conflicts, hunting, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, mining, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.|
|Integrated monitoring||Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.|
Nguyen Hoang Tri
Secretary, Vietnam MAB National Committee, Director, Center for Environmental Research and Education (CERE)
Hanoi University of Education (HNUE), 136 Xuan Thuy
|Last updated: 26/11/2007|