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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Viet Nam


  General Description   Mui Ca Mau’s wetland was listed in Recommendation of National Marine Priority by Ministry of Aquiculture in 2005. It was also listed to nominate as coastal Ramsar site in 2006. In 31/05/2007, Vietnamese Prime Minister approved the “National Action Plan for Biodiversity to 2010 and Strategy to Implement Biodiversity Convention to 2020”, inside, Mui Ca Mau is one of critical sites for conservation, development and sustainable use of biodiversity in Vietnam. The establishment of the Mui Ca Mau’s biosphere reserve follows the policy of local sustainable development of Communist Party and Vietnamese Government (Agenda 21), and at the same time, takes part the preservation of the biosphere for mankind.

The proposed Mui Ca Mau Biosphere Reserve has an area of 369,675 ha with 170,321 people living there. There are three core zones encompassing the stricly protected core zones of Mui Ca Mau National Park, U Minh Ha National Park and the coastal protected forests in Ca Mau Western. They are typical ecosystems that meet the UNESCO’s criterion such as example mangrove forest ecosystem, peat wetland ecosystem, marine ecosystem, etc.. Each contains abundant biological and geological resources with high conservation, and has been preserved by international natural conservation organizations. Core areas are managed by conservation bodies with national policies of national regulations for national protected areas and forests by decision No 142/2003/QD-TTg, dated 14/7/2003 of Prime Minister for Mui Ca Mau; Decision No 112/QD-TTg of Prime Minister dated 20/01/2006 for U Minh Ha and Decision 08/201/QD-TTg of Prime Minister, dated11/01/2001 for Protected Mangrove Forests. The buffer and transition areas are managed by existing regulations issued by Ca Mau People Committee and Community participation.
  Major ecosystem type   Mangroves, Seagrasses, Peat swamps, Wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Forests, Agriculture, Swamps, Mud-flats, Islands, Coastal wetlands and Seasonal Flood Forests and grasses.
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   371,506
  Core area(s)   17,329
  Buffer zone(s)   43,309
  Transition area(s) when given   310,868
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0-13m
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   People Committee of Ca Mau Province
  Brief description   On going research and monitoring are focusing on:
- Abiotic research and monitoring [climatology, hydrology, geomorphology, etc.]:
- Biotic research and monitoring [flora, fauna]
- Socio-economic research [demography, economics, traditional knowledge, etc.]:
- Economic valuation of mangrove ecosystems
- Using PRA (Participatory Rural Apprisal) with local people' knowledge about component of animals now and in the past.
- Using PRA with local people' knowledge about threats of this local's multi – biology now and in the past.
- Unofficially discuss with farmers. hunters, fishers and visit wild animal selling market
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, global change, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography, toxicology/toxic substances.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, beach/soft bottom, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, biotechnology, birds, breeding/reproduction, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, dune systems, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, evapotranspiration, evolutionary studies/palaeoecology/evolution, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, mammals, mangrove, migrating populations/migration, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plankton, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, aquaculture/mariculture, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, firewood cutting/harvesting, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, indicators, indicators of sustainability, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, modelling, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Tran Phu Cuong
Director, Department of Science and Technology, Ca Mau Province
11 duong 1/5, Phuong 5, TP Ca Mau
Viet Nam
  Telephone   0780 830866
  Fax   0780 837 448

Last updated: 12/08/2009

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