|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The Zambezi valley is part of Region 54 of the African Terrestrial Ecoregions. It consists of Riverine, and terrestrial ecosystems unique to the subcontinent. Among threatened species found in the valley are the black Rhino (Diceros bicornis), the painted wild dog, Lycaon pictus and the Nyala (Tragelaphus angasii). The flora consist of Colophospermum/Combretum/Terminalia woodland and the Zambezi riparian forest. At Mana Pools, it comprises the only flood plain ecosystem left in the Middle Zambezi.
The total human population is about 40600, with the major population in the urban area in the proposed reserve and the CAMPFIRE buffer zones. The core zones have only Parks staff, while the safari areas contain at any time, less than 50 people, comprising mainly sport hunters and their hosts.
Land management units comprise the two core areas and 11 buffer zone areas. While the land tenure status in the core and buffer zone areas is stable, that in the transition zone is currently volatile, posing accountability issues with respect to environmental management
|Major ecosystem type||• The Zambezi valley is part of Region 54 of the African Ecoregions. It consists of riverine, and terrestrial ecosystems, unique to the subcontinent, as well as the largest man made reservoir|
|Major habitats & land cover types||
• Dry savannah deciduous Brachystegia woodland. Regional/Local
• Colophospermum mopane woodland Regional/Local
• Tropical lotic and lentic aquatic habitats; aquatic ecoregion 69: Local
|Location||• Central 16o09’52’’S, 29o20’26’’E|
|Core area(s)||360 400|
|Buffer zone(s)||2 219 000|
|Transition area(s) when given|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||1200m – 300m|
|Administrative authorities||Parks and Wildlife Management Authority.|
• Ecological research on ecosystem and community interaction.
• Impacts of global warming on aquatic ecosystems
• Social studies on resettled peoples coping mechanisms to their environment
• Abiotic research on hydrology, geology an climatology
• The core areas are for non consumptive use (recreational, research)
• Buffer zones are for regulated use of the natural resources, mainly safari hunting
|Abiotic||Abiotic factors, air temperature, climate, contaminants, drought, erosion, geology, global change, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, modelling, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, toxicology/toxic substances.|
|Biodiversity||Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, arid/semi-arid, benthos, biodiversity, biology, biotechnology, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, ethology, evapotranspiration, evolutionary studies/palaeoecology/evolution, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, home gardens, indicators, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plankton, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, taxonomy, tropical dry forest, tropical grassland and savanna systems, vegetation studies/plant cover, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano, wetlands, wildlife.|
|Last updated: 18/06/2010|