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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Wang Wenbin, Wang Zuliang
  General Description   Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve is located in the Zhejiang Province in the eastern coastal region of China, about 230 km south-west of Shanghai. Also known as the ‘kingdom of big trees’, the biosphere reserve protects the most ancient wild Ginkgo biloba communities. The vegetation in this area is very rich, covering evergreen and deciduous broadleaved forest, bamboo forest, coniferous forests, marshes and aquatic vegetation.
Only some 170 people live in the biosphere reserve (1994). Tianmushan has a long history of human activities dating back more than 2,000 years ago. Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism were practiced over centuries and have contributed to the conservation of nature in the region.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest with Castanopsis sclerophylla, Cyclobalanopsis glauca and Schima superba; subtropical evergreen and deciduous broadleaf mixed forest with Phoebe chekiangensis, Ginkgo biloba and Emmenopterys henryi; coniferous forest with Cryptomeria fortunei, Pseudolarix kaempferi and Pinus taiwanensis; agroecosystems with rice, vegetables and maize; forestry ecosystems with bamboo, mulberry, medicinal plants and tea (Camellia sinensis)
  Location   30°18' to 30°25'N; 119°23' to 119°29'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   4,284
  Core area(s)   1,191
  Buffer zone(s)   381
  Transition area(s) when given   2,712
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +240 to +1,556
  Year designated   1996
  Administrative authorities   Tianmushan National Biosphere (Nature) Reserve Management Bureau in Zhejiang Tianmu Mountain reporting to local and National Forestry Administration
  Brief description   Meteorology
Invertebrate inventory
Forest research/silviculture
Rare and precious species protection and breeding
Natural and ecological protection
Measure and observe the resources change
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
Indicators of sustainability relevant to economic activities:
Tourist capacity
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Meteorology.
  Biodiversity   Breeding/Reproduction, conservation, ecology, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, methodologies, natural resources, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   Forestry, indicators of sustainability, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Wang Zuliang
Tianmushan National Nature Reserve Management Bureau
Lin'an County
311311 Zhajiang Province
  Telephone   (86.571) 638 77008
  Fax   (86.571) 637 39946
  Web site

Last updated: 12/12/2007

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