|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The Algerian El Kala Biosphere Reserve borders to the Mediterranean Sea. It includes a mosaic of ecosystems, mainly evergreen sclerophyllous forests, lakes, mountains, woodlands or scrubs, coastal and marine ecosystems. The area is known for its rich biodiversity. Many species are endemic or threatened.
El Kala has 87,000 inhabitants and some 30,000 annual tourists (2001). International tourism does not exist, however ecotourism might turn out to be a great opportunity for the region. Main concerns of the area are the increasing urbanization and water consumption and the extension of agriculture and infrastructure. Public education and awareness programmes such as guided tours are aimed at both schools and the public at large. An eco-museum, a mini-zoo and several bird watching towers attract people to visit the biosphere reserve. Research is done, for example on waterbirds, dragonflies, forests and aquatic vegetation.
|Major ecosystem type||Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub including coastal/marine systems|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Littoral (dunes) habitats with Malcolmia parviflora, Ophrys pallida, Euphorbia dendroides,Odontites lutea etc.; marine habitats with Posidonia oceanica; lacustre habitats with Nymphaea alba, Nuphar luteum, Trapa natans and Marsilea diffusa; highland habitats with Quercus suber, Q. faginea, Laurus nobilis, Platanthera bifolia, Ilex aquifolium etc.|
|Location||36°55' to 36°90'N; 08°16' to 08°43'E|
|Transition area(s) when given||1,791|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||-5 to +1,200|
|Administrative authorities||Parc National d'El Kala|
|Last updated: 9/10/2001|