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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Ian Brown
  General Description   Kosciuszko Biosphere Reserve is located in the Great Dividing Range and includes the highest mountains of mainland Australia. It ranges from 213 meters above sea level to 2,228 meters. The alpine area of the park includes a Ramsar wetland. The headwaters of some the major rivers in Australia, including the Snowy, Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers are found within the area. The vegetation progresses from treeless alpine herb fields through sub-alpine snow gum woodlands to montane forests and riparian communities along major rivers. At lower altitudes such as in the Snowy River Valley, there are extensive dry woodlands of eucalyptus and native pines. The Biosphere Reserve supports a variety of vertebrate species such as the grey kangaroo, the red-necked wallaby and swamp wallaby and wombats. The area has a long history of human use, which includes aboriginal occupation, European exploration, livestock grazing, mining, skiing and the establishment of the Snowy Mountains hydro-electric scheme. Some of these activities have resulted in significant impacts, which lead to erosion, changes to the flora and fauna etc. There are less than 400 permanent residents in the area, including descendants of aboriginal groups. The area around the Biosphere Reserve is dominated by agriculture and forestry. More than 3,000 tourists visit the site each year.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, scrubs or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Alpine herbfield, heathland, feldmark and bog; sub-alpine woodland, grassland and bog; montane forests and woodlands; dry sclerophyll woodlands and shrubland; riverine corridors; and karst environments.
  Location   3520' to 3700'S; 14805' to 14850'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   625,525
  Core area(s)   625,525
  Buffer zone(s)   0
  Transition area(s) when given   0
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +213 to +2,228
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS)

Last updated: 20/04/2005

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