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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Noosa BR
  General Description   The Noosa Biosphere incorporates the area comprising the former Noosa Shire local government area in the State of Queensland, Australia, and the adjacent coastal waters to 3 kilometres offshore. Noosa Shire is now part of an amalgamated regional local government area Sunshine Coast Regional Council - but maintains an individual iconic local identity protected by specific legislation. The total permanent population within the proposed Biosphere Reserve is approximately 50,000 people, with a seasonal population of up to 65,000.
The total area covered by Noosa Biosphere Reserve is approximately 150,000 hectares of freshwater/tidal and terrestrial areas.
The Noosa area is considered ideal for the creation of a Biosphere Reserve. For more than 40 years, it has been home to one of the earliest and consistently active networks of community conservation groups in the State of Queensland. Numerous scientific studies of world standing have been undertaken in the area. The Noosa community has nominated the area for designation as Biosphere Reserve as part of its response to the challenge of maintaining the existing conservation oriented culture and to provide the basis for achieving sustainable use of the area's natural and cultural resources.
Managing urban growth in a sustainable manner and developing a culture of responsible stewardship by all community members is one of the key drivers of the Noosa Biosphere. Community sectoral interests have strong representation on the biosphere management organisation, Noosa Biosphere Ltd. These cover cultural, environment, social, education R&D, economic and tourism. Each sector board has directorial representation on the biosphere governance board. The local economy has a strong reliance on tourism and this in turn is dependant on the natural resource base and locational attributes of the area. There are productive agricultural lands, community services, light industry and managed forests reserves, located in the transition zone of the proposed Biosphere area.
Several international treaties for conservation apply specifically the nominated area including the Japan-Australia Migratory Birds Agreement, JAMBA, a migratory bird protection agreement with Japan, and a similar agreement made with China, the China-Australian Migratory Birds Agreement, CAMBA.
The majority of the core areas of the Noosa Biosphere Reserve are publicly owned lands and waters managed by either State or Local Government authorities for conservation under State legislation. There are two private freehold properties included in the core area. These properties have legislative conservation protection under State Legislation.
The buffer area includes both public reserves and private freehold lands that are managed to achieve
integration of conservation and sustainable development outcomes.
  Major ecosystem type   Noosa is located within two critically endangered and overlapping Ecoregions (as identified by World Wildlife Fund/National Geographic Priority and Global 200 Ecoregions) being the "Eastern Australian Rivers and Streams", and the "Eastern Australian Temperate Forests"
  Major habitats & land cover types   Sand Plain and High Dune Rainforest, Ecotonal Forests, Eucalypt Forest, Melaluca Commuities, Heathlands and Sedgelands, Mangrove and Saline Communities, Frontal Dune and Foreshore

Communities, Exposed High Dune Sand Systems, Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems, Regrowth/ Regernating Vegetation Areas (all types), Plantations, Agricultural Areas, Urban and Urban Infrastructure Areas
  Location   Most Northerly -26.1384, "-26,8,18"
Most Southerly -26.5008, "-26,30,3"
Most Easterly 153.148, "153,8,53"
Most Westerly 152.763, "152,45,46"
Centre Point -26.3305, 152.952 "-26,19,50", "152,57,6"
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   150,000
  Core area(s)   24,870
  Buffer zone(s)   28,050
  Transition area(s) when given   28,820
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   450 m
  Year designated   2007
  Administrative authorities   Sunshine Coast Regional Council, Noosa Biosphere Ltd (official biosphere governance), the State Government of Queensland, the Australian Government

Last updated: 26/01/2010

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