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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The proposed Great Sandy Biosphere incorporates a large sand system supporting a diversity of plant communities including colonising plants, open woodlands, very tall eucalypt forests,
rainforests and low, shrubby heath. The distribution of these communities across the System’s landscapes is intimately related to the distribution of the soils that have developed on the
various dune systems. A number of major river systems flow through or into the proposed Biosphere including the Noosa, Mary, Susan, Burrum, Elliott, Burnett, Gregory and Cherwell
Rivers. Urban areas include the regional centres of Bundaberg, Hervey Bay, Gympie and Maryborough. Rural and agricultural areas support sugar cane, horticulture, forestry and animal
grazing, while the adjoining coastal zone supports tourism and fishing activities. All of the Fraser Island World Heritage Area and Great Sandy Strait Ramsar site occur within the
nomination boundary.
The permanent human population is approximately 213,400, with around 950,000 seasonal visitors. The proposed Biosphere includes National Parks, Conservation Parks and Forest
Reserves, the Wide Bay Military Reserve, remnant vegetation under the Queensland Government’s Vegetation Management Act, the Great Sandy Marine Park and a matrix of
freehold land, unallocated State land and leasehold land.
  Major ecosystem type   The Great Sandy Biosphere is located within two
Endangered Ecoregions as defined by World Wildlife Fund and National Geographic. These are “’Eastern Australia Rivers and Streams’’ (Ecoregion 169) and “Eastern Australia Temperate Forests’’ (Ecoregion AA0402). Additionally the study area buffers marine Ecoregion 222 (Great Barrier Reef).
  Major habitats & land cover types   Rainforest, Ecotonal Forests, Eucalypt Forests, Melaleuca Communities, Heathlands & Sedgelands, Mangrove & Saline Communities, Frontal Dune & Foreshore Communities,
Exposed high dune sand systems, Freshwater and Marine ecosystems, Regrowth/regenerating vegetation areas, Plantations, Agricultural areas, Urban and urban infrastructure areas, Rural/Peri-urban areas.
  Location   Central Point: Latitude -25.38296 Longitude 152.82773
Top left co-ordinate (NW extent) Latitude -24.64590 Longitude 152.16088
Bottom right co-ordinate (SE extent) Latitude -26.38437 Longitude 153.42043
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,417,178
  Core area(s)   Terrestrial 272,678 hectares marine 499,531 hectares
  Buffer zone(s)   Terrestrial 105,946 hectares Marine 42,829 hectares
  Transition area(s) when given   496,194
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   450 metres
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   Burnett Mary Regional Group and Environment Protection Agency/Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service,

Last updated: 11/08/2009

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