|Biosphere Reserve Information|
© Photo: François Busson
‘W’ Region Biosphere Reserve is the first transboundary biosphere reserve in Africa. The Niger component of the complex of ‘W’ was designated as biosphere reserve already in 1996. After a long process of study and consultation and a strong support from the concerned national authorities, this area could be extended to Burkina Faso and Benin in 2002. The ‘W’ Region Transboundary Biosphere Reserve takes its name from the double bend of the Niger River and now covers more than one million hectares.
The biosphere reserve straddles the borders of the Soudano-Guinean, Sudanese and Sahel biogeographic regions and thus has a rich biodiversity. W’ Region is a ‘stronghold’ against the advance of desertification from the north. The area hosts one of the largest populations of ungulates in West Africa and also comprises wetlands of international importance, recognized under the Ramsar Convention. People have occupied the area since the Neolithic period, contributing to the development of the current landscape. Wild plant species continue to play an important role in traditional land use and agriculture. For these reasons, parts of the biosphere reserve are also inscribed on the World Heritage list.
Main management problems in the area include poaching for subsistence and commercial purposes, illegal transhumance practices and fishing and land conversion for agriculture and cotton fields. This transboundary biosphere reserve will serve as a model to experiment with different strategies for sustainable development, involving the participation of local communities. The countries are currently designing a coordination structure for the joint management of the area. Support comes from the European Union under the ECOPAS (Protected Areas of Sahelian Africa) project. The creation of this transboundary biosphere reserve will mark the first concrete action by the Environment Initiative launched by the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002.
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical dry or deciduous forests (incl. monsoon forests) or woodlands|
|Major habitats & land cover types||
Burkina Faso: Wetlands (marshes, rivers) with seagrass beds including species such as Polygonum spp., Trapa natans, Pistia stratiotes etc.; gallery forests with Anogeissus leiocarpus, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Diospyros mespiliformis etc.; dry forests and woodlands with Combretum nigricans, C. glutinosum, C. hypopilinum etc.; shrublands characterized by Combretum micranthum, C. nigricans, Dichrostachys glomerata etc.; anthropogenic areas with Adansonia digitata and Balanites aegyptiaca
Niger: Gallery forests with Butyrospermum sp., Tamarindus indicus and Cola laurifolia; woodlands; scrublands; grasslands; human modified zones, agroecosystems with sorghum (Digitaria sp., Eleusine sp.) and millet (Pennisetum sp.)
Benin: 11°53'34.8''N; 02°42'32''E
Burkina Faso: 11°29'15'' to 12°21'00''N; 2°00'45'' to 2°24'10''E
Niger: 11°55' to 13°20'N; 02°04' to 03°20'E
|Core area(s)||1,018,280 (Benin: 563,280; B.Faso: 235,000; Niger: 220,000)|
|Buffer zone(s)||513,033 (Benin: 325,033; B.Faso: 111,000; Niger: 77,000)|
|Transition area(s) when given||~1,591,000 (Benin: 1,160,000; B.Faso: Not defined; Niger: 431,000)|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+200 to +420|
|Administrative authorities||Benin: Directeur du Parc National du W reporting to Centre National de Gestion des Réserves de Faune (CENAGREF); Burkina Faso: Direction de la Faune et des Chasses (DFC), Direction Régionale de l'Environnement et des Eaux et Forêts de l'Est (DREEF-E); Niger: Ministère des Eaux et de l’Environnement|
|Last updated: 14/03/2005|