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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Bulgaria

KOUPENA

 
       
  General Description   Koupena Biosphere reserve is situated in the Rhodope Mountains, in the Pazardzhik Region of Bulgaria. It was established in 1961 to protect the beautiful landscape and the diverse flora and fauna, and nowadays covers an area of 3049,2 hectares. The biosphere reserve was established in 1977. The reserve is a mountainous region with characteristic forests of the Rhodope Mountains. Pure beech (Fagus sylvatica) and mixed beech and silver fir (Abies alba) predominate the forest but there are also stands of scots pine (Pinus silvestris), oak (Quercus dalechampii) and black pine (P. nigra). The diverse fauna includes brown bear (Ursus arctos), wild cat (Felis silvestris), pine marten (Martes martes) and chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra).
Main human impacts in the past were the construction of water reservoirs on streams and selective cutting of forests. The biosphere reserve is currently under revision.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Deciduous forests (Quercus dalechampii, Ostrya carpinifolia, Fagus sylvatica), coniferous forests (Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba) and mixed forests; grasslands in forest openings; rocks and cliffs
  Location   4105'N; 2420'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   3,051
  Core area(s)   1,761.1
  Buffer zone(s)   1,290
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +500 to +950
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities  


Last updated: 4/4/2002

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