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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Tchoupréné Biosphere Reserve is situated on the northern slopes of the Stara Planina on the Serbia and Montenegro’s border in north-west Bulgaria. It covers an area of 1981,5 hectares between 1300 and 2033 meters above sea level. The reserve was established in 1973 and the biosphere reserve in 1977 and aims to conserve the northernmost natural forests of Norway spruce (Picea abies) in Bulgaria. This primary forest is about 100 years old and is the only vast spruce forest in the Stara Planina. The forest provides habitat for capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) and nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes).
The area is very remote and has been only little affected by man. This biosphere reserve is currently under revision.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Coniferous (Picea abies), deciduous (Fagus sylvatica) and mixed forests; grasslands
  Location   43°43'N; 22°30'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   1,982
  Core area(s)   1,439.2
  Buffer zone(s)   542.3
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,300 to +2,033
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities  

Last updated: 04/04/2002

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