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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve is a representative example of the southern European taiga zone, located some 100 km north-east of Minsk on the edge of the watersheds between the Black and Baltic Sea. Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve is a patchwork of boreal coniferous and broad-leafed forests, lakes, water-courses, marshlands, flood plains and represents one of the largest undrained peat bogs in Eastern Europe (11,000 hectares). Its wolves, bears and bison populations as well as the rich bird life attract many scientists. There is a network of permanent plots, and profiles for monitoring forest, marshland, and meadow vegetation. The area is also known for its historic sites, such as Slavic tombs, ancient trade ways and waterworks and battle place between the Russians and French in 1812.
Some 2,200 people of local population live within the biosphere reserve boundaries (2003) who use the transition area and specially designated sites for gathering berries and mushrooms, cattle pastures and non-commercial fishing. Some economic benefit derives from tourism. An environmental education center and a nature museum provide information to the visitors. Since 1994, cooperation between the twinned biosphere reserve of Berezinsky and Vosges du Nord (France) has included the exchange of specialists and study visits in such fields as wolf ecology, ornithology, forest management as well as to foster ecotourism.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Boreal coniferous forests characterized by pine (Pinus spp.), spruce (Picea spp.), birch (Betula spp.) and black-alder (Alnus glutinosa) in association with oak (Quercus spp.), ash (Fraxinus spp.) and lime (Tilia spp.); broadleaf forest; mires; flood-land meadows; water bodies, anthropogenic landscape
  Location   5428' to 5450'N; 2820' to 2830'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   113,929
  Core area(s)   38,187
  Buffer zone(s)   42,742
  Transition area(s) when given   33,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +164 to +220
  Year designated   1978
  Administrative authorities   Direction of the biosphere reserve, reporting to the President of the Republic of Belarus Administration

Last updated: 07/03/2005

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