|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Straddling the border between Poland and Belarus, this forest complex is one of the last remnants of primary mixed forests in Europe. Situated in the transition between the boreal and temperate zones, the biosphere reserve contains several tree species at the limit of their distribution. Norway spruce (Picea abies) reaches its southern limits of its northern range and the sessile oak (Quercus petraea) is here at its northeastern limit. Notable mammal species include European bison (Bison bonasus), wolf (Canis lupus) and lynx (Felis lynx). The area is also designated as transboundary World Heritage site and lies adjacent to the Bialowieza Biosphere Reserve in Poland.
About 4,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1993) who are engaged in agriculture, forestry, forest protection as well as in services. A nature museum provides environmental education to visitors of the area. The Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park was subject to a transboundary Forest Biodiversity Protection Project funded by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) between 1992 and 1996. The project aimed at supporting research culminating in land use plans, introduced a Geographical Information System (GIS) and involving local people in the management and benefits of the area.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate and broadleaf forests or woodlands|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Coniferous forest characterized by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), spruce (Picea abies) and oak (Quercus robur); deciduous broadleaf forest dominated by Quercus robur, ash (Fraxinus excelsior), hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) and sycamore (Acer platanoides); alder-birch forest with Alnus glutinosa, Betula pendula and B. pubescens; agroecosystems with potatoes, rye, oat and wheat; forestry ecosystems with pine, spruce, oak etc.|
|Location||52°30' to 52°59'N; 23°35' to 24°20'E|
|Transition area(s) when given||90,000|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+145 to +202|
|Administrative authorities||Direction of the State National Park, reporting to the President of the Republic of Belarus Administration|
|Last updated: 07/03/2005|