|Biosphere Reserve Information|
© Photo: Fanjingshan BR
Located in the south of China in Guizhou Province, Fanjingshan is the main peak of the Wuling Mountain Range. The biosphere reserve is situated in the Chinese Subtropical Forest biogeographic region and its altitude ranges from 480 to 2,570 meters above sea level. It is known for its large protophyte forests, the only well-preserved primitive forest ecosystem on the same latitude in the world, as well as for its endemic golden monkey (Rhinopithecus brelichi) population.
Some 1,100 people live permanently in the core area and 15,000 in the buffer zone of the biosphere reserve (1999) which is situated in one of China’s poorest areas. Human activities in the buffer zone include mining, livestock raising and slash-and-burn agriculture. The area has been a sacred site for Buddhism since the Ming Dynasty and receives some 80,000 national tourists per year (1999).
The biosphere reserve has focused on research activities since its establishment in 1986 and is especially successful in research on the ecology, domestication, reproduction and habitats of the golden monkey.
|Major ecosystem type||Sub-tropical and temperate rain forests; mixed mountain and highland systems|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Evergreen broadleaf forest dominated by chinquapin (Castanopsis chunii), tanbark oak (Lithocarpus spp.), cinnamon, machilus etc.; mixed evergreen-deciduous broadleaf forest with Steward oak (Quercus stewardii), Engler oak (Q. engleriana) and sharp-dent oak (Cyclobalanopsis oxyodon) together with deciduous species such as Engler beech (Fagus engleriana), Chinese maple (Acer sinense) and Wilson maple (A. wilsonii); deciduous broadleaf forest including A. flabellatum, Sorbus keissleri and Photinia villosa; subalpine coniferous forests characterized by Chinese hemlock (Tsuga chinensis) and Faber fir; sub-alpine shrub and meadow zone dominated by Rhododendron spp. and Chung China cane (Sinarundinaria chungii); agroecosystems with cereals etc.|
|Location||27°46' to 28°01'N; 108°45' to 108°48'E|
|Core area(s)||25,000 (of which touristic zone: 400)|
|Transition area(s) when given||-|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+480 to +2,570|
|Administrative authorities||Management Office of Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve National Forestry bureau, Guizhan provincial Forestry department|
|Last updated: 1/8/2002|