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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

China

XISHUANGBANNA


© Photo: Qiu Kaipei, Li Chunsheng
 
       
  General Description   Located in the south-west tip of Yunnan province, in south-west of China, Xishuangbanna Biosphere Reserve borders Laos to the east and Myanmar to the west (Mekong region or upper Mekong basin). Currently, it comprises the largest and most comprehensive tropical forest in China. Due to its unique geographic and climate aspect, it contains the richest biodiversity in China. Although the area occupies less than 1/5,000,000 of China, it comprises 4,000 vascular plant species, 102 mammal species, 400 bird species, 63 reptile species, 38 amphibian species and 100 fish species. Besides, more than 90% of China’s wild elephant population is living in this region.
Apart from its biodiversity, it is also regarded as the richest ethnically diverse area.. Among the total population of 880,000, there are Dai, Ahka, Lahu, Jinuo, Yi, Yao, Bulan, etc. They have been living in this region for generations, keeping the similar religion, culture and language with adjacent countries like Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. Most of them are still practicing their traditional slash and burn cultivation, which is one of the major threats to development due to low soil productivity. Currently, most ethnic groups receive cash income from paddy rice, tea, rubber plantations, fruits and some non-timber forest products (NTFP). In order to settle conflicts and promote economic development, Xishuangbanna Biosphere Reserve supports pilot villages to practice sustainable development models in searching for a strategy to combine sustainable community development and nature resource conservation.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical dry or deciduous forests (incl. monsoon forests); mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tropical rainforest dominated by Parashorea sinensis, Terminalia myriocarpa, Pometia tomentosa, Vatica xishuangbannaensis, Dipterocarpus turbinatus and Tetrameles nudiflora; tropical monsoon rainforest mixed with tropical rainforest with Ficus fulva, Erythrina stricta, Bauhinia variegata, Cleistanthus sumatranus and Tetrameles nudiflora; monsoon broadleaf evergreen forest characterized by the genus Lauraceae, Fagaceae, Magnoliaceae and Theacea; mossy broadleaf evergreen forest dominated by Cyclobalanopsis rex, Lithocarpus chinensis and Phoebe macrocarpus; agroecosystems with rice, maize, sugar cane; forestry systems with rubber trees etc.
  Location   21°10' to 22°24'N; 100°16' to 101°55'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   241,700
  Core area(s)   126,500
  Buffer zone(s)   5,200
  Transition area(s) when given   110,000
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +475 to +2,429
  Year designated   1993
  Administrative authorities   The Administration of Xishuangbanna State Nature Reserve is in charge of managing the biosphere reserve. The superior authority is the provincial forestry bureau and the state forestry administration


Last updated: 12/12/2007

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