|Biosphere Reserve Information|
© Photo: Maolan BR
Maolan Biosphere Reserve is situated in the Guizhou Province in south-east China. The region is famous for its virgin forest that is well preserved on the karst landscape, in the middle subtropical zone of China. The main habitats include subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest, subtropical evergreen and deciduous broadleaf mixed forest, agroecosystems (with rice, rape, sweet potato and medicinal plants) and forestry ecosystems. The fauna is rich with many rare or endangered species including forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii), rhesus monkey (Macaca mulata) and the south China tiger (Panthera tigris). The landscape with its Karst springs, streams and ponds attract about 60,000 visitors per year (1994).
About 4,300 people of six ethnic origins (Shui, Buyi, Yao, Miao, Han and Zhuang) live in the biosphere reserve (1994). They are mostly making their living from agriculture and forestry.
|Major ecosystem type||Subtropical and temperate rainforests|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest with Sapium rotundifolium, Carpinus lipoensis and Platycarya longipes; subtropical evergreen and deciduous broadleaf mixed forest with Pseudotsuga brevifolia, Tsuga tchekiangensis and Pinus kwangtungensis; agroecosystems with rice, rape, sweet potato and medicinal plants; forestry ecosystems with Dendrocalamus tsiangii and Galla chinensis.|
|Location||25°09' to 25°20'N; 107°52' to 108°05'E|
|Transition area(s) when given||4,850|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+430 to + 1,078|
|Administrative authorities||Ministry of Forestry and provincial Forestry Department Maolan National Nature Reserve Bureau in Guizhou|
|Last updated: 12/12/2007|