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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Located in the extreme north-eastern part of China, this biosphere reserve covers 28,500 hectares in a typical hilly region known for its intact natural stands of Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis). This tree species is of world-wide interest for timber production and these forests constitute a valuable gene bank which should be protected, in spite of pressure to exploit the trees. The biodiversity is very rich, with more than 568 species of plants, 52 mammals, and more than 220 birds.
About 3,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1996). Collection of forest products, especially of Korean pine seeds, mushrooms and medicinal plants is carried out and could become a locally important economic activity. Tourism is being developed, with about 5,000 visitors per year (1996). There is a forty-year research record on climate, hydrology and the ecology of the Korean pine. Numerous institutions and universities participate in this work, including socio-economic studies on the impact of the conversion from forest exploitation to forest conservation. Educational activities are organized for schoolchildren and special efforts are made in raising environmental awareness among both inhabitants and visitors.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Steep-slope Korean pine communities with Pinus koraienses, Quercus mongolica; slope-shrub Korean pine communities with Tilia amurensis, Corylus mandschurica; slight-slope shrub-broadleaf Korean pine communities with Carex campylorhina, Hippochaete hyemalis; Fern-Picea abies-Korean pine communities in gullies with Picea koraiensis, Abies nephrolepis
  Location   4801' to 4809'N; 12839' to 12915'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   28,353
  Core area(s)   9,607
  Buffer zone(s)   8,558
  Transition area(s) when given   10,188
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +283 to +688
  Year designated   1997
  Administrative authorities   State Forestry Administration; Heilongjiang provincial government, Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Forestry under the Heilongjiang Provincial Forestry Administration

Last updated: 12/12/2007

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