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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

China

HUANGLONG


Photo: Li Tianshe
 
       
  General Description   Huanglong Biosphere Reserve is situated in a mountainous area with peaks reaching up to 5,588 meters above sea level. The area has already been noted for its biodiversity hotspot, part of it being inscribed as a Natural World Heritage site in 1992. Major wild animals include the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Rhinopithecus roxellana and the leopard (Panthera pardus fusca). It is also remarkable from a scenic point of view since the biosphere reserve includes a system of 3,400 travertine pools that are linked by travertine shoals, rapids and waterfalls.
About 630 permanent residents live in the biosphere reserve (2000) who all live in Huanglong Township and who are composed of Han, Tibetans and Muslims. They mostly subside on farming and husbandry, however tourism also increases its importance in the local economy. The Huanglong Gorge is a holy site and there is an annual pilgrimage with people from different religions gathering there to worship.
The biosphere reserve is trying to find a scientific way to protect the natural resources in the area, but at the same time use them in a sustainable way. It is therefore considered important to cooperate with the local communities, and use existing traditional knowledge and local products for improving the economic situation of the population.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Coniferous mixed forest with Pinus tabulaeformis, Tsuga chinensis, P. armandii, Picea brachytyla etc.; broadleaf mixed forest characterized by Alnus nepalensis, Juglans sigillata, Betula alnoides etc.; woodlands with bushes as main species including Rubus amabilis, R. pungens, Rhododendron phaeochrysum etc.; marshy grassland with Graminae, Compositae, Umbelliferae etc.; reforestation areas; agroecosystems; grazing areas
  Location   3230' to 3254'N; 10326' to 10408'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   138,000
  Core area(s)   68,500
  Buffer zone(s)   58,000
  Transition area(s) when given   1,500
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,700 to +5,588
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Huanglong Nature Reserve


Last updated: 12/12/2007

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