|Biosphere Reserve Information|
This biosphere reserve (declared as Protected Landscape Area on the national level, 70,000 hectares) is located largely in the shallow Trebon Basin in South Bohemia near the Austrian border. The region has been modified by human activities for more than eight centuries. This semi-natural landscape comprises 460 artificial fishponds and lakes that were constructed in the 15th and 16th century and now constitutes the center of Czech fish-farming industry. The Trebon fishponds and Trebon peatlands, which are part of the core area of the biosphere reserve, are also listed among wetlands of international importance within the Ramsar Convention (designated 1990 and 1993 respectively). Other habitats of particular conservation value are floodplain swamps, marshes and forests, primeval forests and sand dunes. As described in a synthesis of the Trebon wetlands (2002), species native to both the northern tundra and warm continental lowlands live in close proximity here, as well as species associated with extremely wet and dry biotopes. The biosphere reserve is also classified as European Important Bird Area (IBA), providing suitable habitats and food sources for both nesting and migratory birds (ducks, geese, white-tailed eagle etc.). It is the core area of the Czech otter population.
The main economic activities of the 26,000 inhabitants of the biosphere reserve (1998) are agriculture, forestry, fish-farming, the extraction of sand, gravel and peat, light industry (timber manufacturing, furniture, construction materials, textile, glass, brewery) and (mainly tourism and spa-treatments) services.
The Trebon Basin Biosphere Reserve Administration and the Czech Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Botany are key bodies in helping to promote appropriate management - articulating links between local and central government, local communities and resource users, and the scientific and educational communities.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands including freshwater wetlands|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Forests of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), silver fir (Abies alba) and Norway spruce (Picea abies); broadleaf forests in river floodplains with oak (Quercus robur), maple (Acer sp.), lime (Tilia sp.) and elm (Ulmus sp.); fen woodland in swampy areas dominated by Alnus glutinosa; fishponds and littoral zones with reed (Phragmites australis), algae and cyanophytes, Typha sp., Phalaris arundinacea etc.; freshwater wetlands such as streams, oxbows, swamps, marshes, willow and alder carrs with Alnus glutinosa, Spiraea salicifolia, Scirpus sp. etc.; valley peat bogs and fens with Sphagnum sp., Pinus rotundata, P. sylvestris, P. digenea, Frangula alnus etc.; landscape with mixed land-use (mosaic of small forests and fields, pastures etc.) including fruit trees, ruderal (Sambucus nigra, Robinia pseudoacacia etc.), urban and exotic species|
|Location||48°49' to 49°20'N; 14°39' to 15°00'E|
|Transition area(s) when given||30,372|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+410 to +550|
|Administrative authorities||The Trebonsko Protected Landscape Area and Biosphere Reserve Administration|
|Last updated: 1/4/2002|