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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Czech Republic

LOWER MORAVA

 
       
  General Description   Situated in South Moravia, about 35 km south of Brno and next to the Austrian and Slovak borders. The Pavlov hills consisting of limestone cliffs and steep slopes, covered with steppes, forests and grasslands, are the dominant landscape features, however a considerable part has also been transformed into arable land and vineyards. The northeastern part of the biosphere reserve is situated in the flat alluvium of the Dyje River which is now mostly converted into agricultural land with some remnants of floodplain meadows and forests. The southern and eastern parts are characterised by arable land. The largest mid-European area of hard-wood alluvial forests and continental flood-plain meadows (some 8000ha) is preserved in the triangle between the town of Bureclav, the village of Tynec and the confluence of the Morava and Dyje Rivers. The central part of the Biosphere Reserve is made up of a depression occupied by fishponds (shallow, artificial lakes). The core area is identical with zone 1 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and smaller protected areas outside this. The buffer zone consists of zone 2 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly forested areas outside. The transition area composes zones 3 and 4 of the "Protected Landscape Area Pálava" and mainly agricultural land outside.
About 20,000 people live mostly in the transition area of the biosphere reserve (2003). They are mainly engaged in agriculture and small-scale industry. Tourism has increasingly become an alternative source of income. The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape World Heritage Site (1996) lies in the transition area. There are two Ramsar Sites in the Biosphere Reserve: Lednice fishponds (1990) and Flood Plain of the Lower Dyje River (1993).
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands, Pannonian steppes
  Major habitats & land cover types   Calcareous cliffs and karst, dry grasslands, oak-hornbeam forests, thermophilous oak forests, scree forests, hard-wood and soft-wood, flood-plain forests, flood plain meadows and psammophilous vegetation, oak forests and scots pine plantations, fishponds and other standing water habitats, saline meadows and marshlands, vineyards and other agricultural land.
  Location   48°37’ - 48°53’ N
16°36’ - 17°05’ E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   24,240
  Core area(s)   6,406
  Buffer zone(s)   9000
  Transition area(s) when given   8,834
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   151-554 m
  Year designated   1986, extension 2003
  Administrative authorities   Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve Public Benefit Corporation (Biosfericka rezervace Dolni Morava, o.p.s.)


Last updated: 2/28/2007

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