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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Dominican Republic

JARAGUA-BAHORUCO-ENRIQUILLO


© Photo: Jaragua-Bahoruco-Enriquillo
 
       
  General Description   The Jaragua-Bahoruca-Enriquillo Biosphere Reserve is located in the southwest of the Dominican Republic. It includes three biogeographic regions in the Caribbean: the ‘Hoya del Lago Enriquillo’, the ‘Sierra de Bahoruco’ and the ‘Procurrente de Barahona’. It comprises a great variety of natural ecosystems, from tropical highlands to karstic terraces with coastal, marine, islands and cays with a rich biodiversity and an important regional endemism. The relief is sloped, covered by humid and cloud forests, caves and coastal wetlands with large mangrove associations, mud banks and lagoons creating a complex of habitats supporting a high diversity of flora and fauna. The protected Lago Enriquillo National Park, covering a highly saline lake below sea level, is one of its more important features. In the coastal and marine area of ‘Parque Jagara’ species of pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) and manatee (Trichechus manatus) are found. The ‘Isla Beata’ and ‘ los cayos Los Frailes’ have an enormous variety of marine birds, some 107 bird species, and 67 reptiles are reported all over the reserve. The population lacks minimal public services as health and education, and their economic conditions are precarious. The biosphere reserve proposal has been consulted with local authorities and organizations. Its main goal is to create alternative economic incomes from renewal natural resources in agriculture production, organic agriculture, ecotourism, research facilities and basic services.
  Major ecosystem type  
  Major habitats & land cover types   Dry forest characterized by Prosopis juliflora, Acacia macracantha, Bursera simaruba, Pilosocereus polygonus and Ziziphus rignoni; Deciduous evergreen forests including cloud forests (dominated by Schefflera tremula, Podocarpus aristulatus and Brunellia comocladifolia), humid forests, semi-humid forests and riverine forests; pine forests dominated by Pinus occidentalis; wetlands with Conocarpus erectus, Typha domingensis, Batis maritima and Sesuvium portulacastrum; coastal, marine habitats including seagrasses, coral reefs and mangroves with Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans, Laguncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus
  Location   18°01'18.8"N; 71°34'34.2"W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   476,700
  Core area(s)   318,400 (of which marine: 900)
  Buffer zone(s)   46,000
  Transition area(s) when given   112,300 (of which marine: 11,200 )
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -40 to +2,370
  Year designated   2002
  Administrative authorities   Consejo de Planificación, presidido por la Secretaría de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales


Last updated: 7/25/2007

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