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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Wadi Allaqui is located in Egypt’s southeastern desert, about 180 km south of Aswan on the eastern side of Lake Nasser. It is a major dry river, which drains from the Red Sea hills to the Nile Valley.
The about 1,000 non-sedentary inhabitants (2003) use the natural resources of the biosphere reserve for livestock transhumance, charcoal production, the collection of medicinal plants, quarrying and small-scale cultivation. Resource conservation has been a concept inherent in the Bedouin’s livelihood and value system over centuries. The views, aspirations and accumulated knowledge of the Bedouins are included in decision-making processes within the biosphere reserve.
Core support for the biosphere reserve is provided by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency. The principal focal point for research activities is the Unite of Environmental Studies and Development of South Valley, with a Desert Field Station and a Conservation Centre, in Wadi Allaqi, providing facilities for local and overseas researchers. Various cooperative programmes have been launched in association with several overseas universities and with support from such bodies as UNEP, UNESCO, The British Council, the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada, etc. Links with UNESCO include the UNESCO-Ecotechnie Chair on Environment and Development at South Valley University.
Through these various collaborative initiatives at national, bilateral and international levels, research and training activities cover a wide range of issues related to arid zone ecology and resource use. Recent and ongoing research projects include work on fuel wood energy and conservation, indigenous medicinal plants, the cultivation of Balanites aegyptiaca for oil production, the natural history of the Wadi Allaqi, and water use and salt recycling of Tamarix sp.
  Major ecosystem type   Warm deserts and semi-deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Downstream wadi system vegetation (frequently flooded) with extensive shrub groves of Tamarix sp., Heliotropium supinum and Glinus lotoides; vegetation above flood area dominated by xerophylic species such as Salsola baryosma and Acacia ehrenbergiana; upstream wadi system vegetation dominated by Balanites aegyptiaca, Salvadora persica, Acacia raddiana and A. tortilis; agroecosystems with vegetables, cereals and fodder crops
  Location   20°20' to 22°10'N; 32°40' to 33°40'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   2,380,000
  Core area(s)   63,850
  Buffer zone(s)   131,950
  Transition area(s) when given   2,184,200
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +165 to +1,500
  Year designated   1993
  Administrative authorities   Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)

Last updated: 25/03/2005

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