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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve is situated in southwestern Ethiopia. The area plays a key role in the conservation of natural and cultural landscapes. The biosphere reserve includes Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot and Important Bird Areas of international significance and one of the last remaining montane rainforest fragments with wild Coffea arabica populations in the world. The area is also of cultural and historical significance since it possesses many archaeological sites, ritual sites, caves and waterfalls. The proposed biosphere reserve is zoned into core areas, butter zone and transitional areas. The core areas are found at the centre and surrounded by buffer zone and transition area, respectively. Both the core areas and buffer zone are considered as one of the Regional Forest Priority Areas (or Forest Conservation Area) and Forest Coffee conservation Site. The transition area is found adjacent to the buffer zone and it is composed of agricultural land, wetland, grassland, settlement area and fragments of forest land. All the management units (core, buffer, transition) in the proposed biosphere reserve are contiguous; but there are five core areas. About 154, 300 permanent residents live in the biosphere reserve and mainly rely on agriculture. The designation as a biosphere reserve is expected to enhance ecologically sound and traditional agriculture, to foster ecotourism and to create new jobs in small businesses such as coffee, bee-keeping, spices and horticulture activities. Within the biosphere reserve framework, local communities are familiarized with the wise use of natural resources and sustainable development techniques, and the implementation of conservation projects. Currently, two projects funded by the German Federal Agency for Conservation and German Federal Ministry of Education and Research are being implemented in the proposed biosphere reserve: Conservation and use of the wild populations of Coffea arabica in the montane rainforests of Ethiopia and Public awareness and environmental education project.
  Major ecosystem type   Montane rainforest ecosystem
  Major habitats & land cover types   Forests, wetlands and running water, agricultural lands, grazing lands, and built-up areas
  Location   8O 0 42 to 8 O 44 23N and 35O 20 31 to 36 O 18 20E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   167
  Core area(s)   27,733
  Buffer zone(s)   21, 552
  Transition area(s) when given   117,736
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   1,100 - 2,337
  Year designated   2010
  Administrative authorities   Oromiya National Regional State, Oromiya Forestry and Wildlife Enterprise, Illubabor Branch, Illubabor Zone Land and Environmental Protection, Six Districts Administration, Oromiya Bureau of Land and Environmental Protection, Oromiya Forestry and Wildlife Enterprise, Oromiya Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development and Ministry of Science and Technology.

Last updated: 18/06/2010

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