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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

France

CAMARGUE

 
       
  General Description   Situated in the delta of the Rhône River on the French Mediterranean coast, the Camargue Biosphere Reserve is made up of a mosaic of lagoons and represents one of the most important wetlands in Europe. Located between river and sea but also between Europe and Africa, the exceptional biological richness of the reserve is illustrated by the 272 species of birds found here. The area is also designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. Other habitats include freshwater and saline marshes, freshwater and saline ponds, halophilous steppes and grasslands with glasswort (Salicornia spp., locally called ‘sansouires’), beaches, dunes and woods.
About 50 people live permanently within the biosphere reserve. However, the number rises up to 80,500 in the summer (1997) making tourism one of the main management issues. People in the region are mainly engaged in the tourism industry and services, agriculture, salt extraction and fisheries.
The Camargue Biosphere Reserve is currently under revision.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrubs; costal/marine wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Wetlands; saline steppes; beaches; sand dune systems; humid depressions between sand dunes; lagoons; floating or submerged vegetation; Mediterranean xerophyllic grasslands; Mediterranean gallery forest with Salix alba and Populus alba; Carex communities; agroecosystems
  Location   43°30'N; 4°30'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   13,117
  Core area(s)   13,117
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +4
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   SNPN (association gestionnaire de la reserve naturelle)


Last updated: 2/23/2007

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