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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Han Q.
  General Description   This German biosphere reserve is located in the Berchtesgaden Alps (150 km south-east of Munich at the border to Austria) which belong to the northern limestone Alps. It is the only alpine biosphere reserve in Germany with an elevation up to 2,700 meters above sea level. However, the transition zone is situated in low elevated areas (about 500 meters above sea level) in the north of the mountain ranges. Therefore, the biosphere reserve encompasses submontane, montane and subalpine forests and alpine meadows. The core area and buffer zone are identical with the Berchtesgaden National Park with the famous lake Königssee.
About 32,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998), who depends mostly on tourism and visitors of a health resort with mineral springs. Small-scale agriculture gives the landscape its characteristical features.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Sub-montane, montane, sub-alpine forests with mountain pine (Pinus mugo), larch (Larix decidua), sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) and Norway spruce (Picea abies); alpine limestone grasslands; distinct plant communities in cracks and on rocky debris; oligotrophic lakes and running water; grassland farming; forestry systems with spruce, larch, beech and fir
  Location   47°36'N, 13°00'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   46,742
  Core area(s)   16,982
  Buffer zone(s)   3,835
  Transition area(s) when given   25,925
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +471 to +2,713
  Year designated   1990
  Administrative authorities   Landratsamt Berchtesgadener Land

Last updated: 21/03/2011

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