|Biosphere Reserve Information|
© Photo: Schaalsee BR
The Schaalsee Biosphere Reserve is located in the Land Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in northern Germany and covers 30,257 hectares. A special characteristic of this relatively small area is the diverse landscape with a variety of habitats. It is characterized by semi-natural ecosystems of woods, bogs, lakes and dry sites. The Schaalsee itself is a lake originating as a glacial tongue basin from the Weichsel glacial period.
Some 8,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998), making their living mainly from agriculture, fishery, forestry and tourism. There is a high potential for the development of agriculture and tourism. Environmentally sensitive production methods are needed which reduce the eutrophication of rivers, lakes and bogs. The production of high value foodstuffs and the setting-up of direct marketing systems can create extra sources of income for farmers. At the same time, the extensive use maintains the cultural landscape. In the future, additional tourist attractions might replace day-trip tourists by long-term holidaymakers which provide better earning opportunities for the local population.
Research in the biosphere reserve is focusing on the monitoring of the Schaalsee Lake, and of the otter (Lutra lutra) population as well as analysis of visitor perception.
|Major ecosystem type||Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands; freshwater lake|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Woodlands with the following characteristics: semi-natural beech woodland, semi-natural mixed deciduous woodland, mixed pine woodland, pioneer woodland of birch and/or pine etc.; hedge and copse vegetation including boundary copses and groups of trees, orchard areas and fruit trees, hedges etc.; green land habitats including poor quality and dry grassland, wet and damp grassland, extensive grassland (pasture), low marshy greenland etc.; bogs and marshes; streams and rivers, lakes; arable land; settlements|
North: 53°60'N; 10°45'E
South: 53°59'N; 10°45'E
|Transition area(s) when given||23,921|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+3.5 to +93|
|Administrative authorities||Authority for the Schaalsee Biosphere Reserve|
|Last updated: 2/28/2007|