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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Hungary

AGGTELEK

 
       
  General Description   Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve and National Park is situated on the Hungarian part of a vast karst area which belongs to the southern limestone foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. This area, which is divided by the border between Hungary and Slovakia, is a geographically homogenous region extending over 60,000 hectares and containing more than 700 caves. Their morphological diversity, characteristic fauna as well as archaeological and historical value make this cave system one of the most complex examples of karstic phenomena occurring at medium altitude in the temperate zone. The karst landscape is dominated by extensive karst plateaus with dolines and valleys with permanent or temporary watercourses, which disappear in sinkholes.
There are only two small villages within the biosphere reserve with a population of about 1,500 people (1979) who are engaged in forestry, agriculture and livestock raising.
The caves have a long research history including studies on flora, fauna, speleology, geomorphology and geology. Already in 1794, the first cave was mapped.
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve is situated adjacent to Slovensky Kras Biosphere Reserve (Slovakia). In 1995, ‘Caves of Aggtelek and Slovak Karst’ have been designated as one World Heritage site.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broad-leaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   48°30'N; 20°36'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   19,247
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +150 to +600
  Year designated   1979
  Administrative authorities  


Last updated: 3/13/2002

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