|Biosphere Reserve Information|
This biosphere reserve and national park is situated on the Tanjung Peninsula in the south of Borneo and covers the swampy alluvial areas between Kumai Bay and Seruyan River. The biosphere reserve comprises a large spectrum of ecosystems such as remnants of dryland dipterocarp forests, peripheral mixed swamp forests, peat swamp forests, mangrove and coastal beach forests, and secondary forests. The Tanjung Puting National Park was primarily established by the Dutch colonial government for the protection of the orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus) in the 1930’s. Today, these animals are the main tourist attractions, however the number of visitors is still modest (3,600 in 1996). Iron wood (Eusideroxylon zwageri) and ramin (Gonystylus bancanus) are among the plant species of high importance from a conservation point of view.
About 105,000 people live in the biosphere reserve, especially in the coastal areas (1997). They are mostly came from Banjarmasin, Java, Madura and Sulawesi and rely on subsistence agriculture. Increasing tourism provides additional sources of income. Among the problems that the biosphere reserve faces today are illegal logging, agricultural practices and gold mining which takes place adjacent to the biosphere reserve boundaries. The biosphere reserve has conducted research since the 1970’s with a focus on primates and also provides training facilities for students and rangers.
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical humid forests|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Dry land Dipterocarp forest characterized by Shorea spp., Myristica spp., Castanopsis spp., Lithocarpus spp. etc.; peat swamp forest with Gonystylus spp., Dyera spp., Tetramerista spp. etc.; heath forest composed of Dacrydium spp., Eugenia spp., Lithocarpus conocarpus and Castanopsis spp.; mangrove and coastal beech forest including Rhizophora spp., Bruiera spp., Sonneratia spp. and Xylocarpus granatum; wet and dry farmland; forestry systems|
|Location||02°35' to 03°35'S; 111°45' to 112°15'E|
|Transition area(s) when given|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||0 to +10|
|Administrative authorities||Tanjung Puting National Park Authority|
|Last updated: 18/09/2007|